How to format your references using the Athletic Training & Sports Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Athletic Training & Sports Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guzmán MG. Global voices of science. Deciphering dengue: the Cuban experience. Science. 2005;309(5740):1495-1497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson DWJ, Barnes EA. Periodic variability in the large-scale Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation. Science. 2014;343(6171):641-645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu Q, Saltsburg H, Flytzani-Stephanopoulos M. Active nonmetallic Au and Pt species on ceria-based water-gas shift catalysts. Science. 2003;301(5635):935-938.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Deslys JP, Comoy E, Hawkins S, et al. Screening slaughtered cattle for BSE. Nature. 2001;409(6819):476-478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski JW, Nyhoff JE, Co R, Peterson PE. The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Braunstein GD, ed. Thyroid Cancer. Vol 32. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Barkalov A, Titarenko L. Synthesis of compositional microprogram control units with code sharing. In: Barkalov A, Titarenko L, eds. Logic Synthesis for Compositional Microprogram Control Units. Lecture Notes Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008:99-135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Athletic Training & Sports Health Care.

Blog post
Andrew E. Tool Use in Dolphins has Shaped Their Genetic Make Up. IFLScience. Published March 19, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelser CR. Interpretation of Aaron Copland’s Duo for Flute and Piano. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. A Global Bible Contest Serves as a Testament to Their Relationship. New York Times. February 13, 2017:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAthletic Training & Sports Health Care
ISSN (print)1942-5864
ISSN (online)1942-5872

Other styles