How to format your references using the Athletic Training & Sports Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Athletic Training & Sports Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Merali Z. Quantum computing: The power of discord. Nature. 2011;474(7349):24-26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives AR, Whitlock MC. Ecology. Inbreeding and metapopulations. Science. 2002;295(5554):454-455.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDermott F, Mattey DP, Hawkesworth C. Centennial-scale Holocene climate variability revealed by a high-resolution speleothem delta 18O record from SW Ireland. Science. 2001;294(5545):1328-1331.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Petersen PH, Zou K, Hwang JK, Jan YN, Zhong W. Progenitor cell maintenance requires numb and numblike during mouse neurogenesis. Nature. 2002;419(6910):929-934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agung IGN. Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Teichler U. The Changing Academic Profession: Major Findings of a Comparative Survey. Vol 1. (Arimoto A, Cummings WK, eds.). Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohnuma* T, Holland JF. Anorexia and Cachexia. In: Ettinger DS, ed. Supportive Care in Cancer Therapy. Humana Press; 2009:47-86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Athletic Training & Sports Health Care.

Blog post
Andrews R. New Species Of Pterosaur Is A Near-Perfect Intermediate Form Between First And Final Species. IFLScience. Published August 31, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Selected Areas of Financial and Property Administration of Federal City College. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gittens BE. Perceptions of the applicability of transformational leadership behavior to the leader role of academic department chairs: A study of selected universities in Virginia. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR. Defense Secretary Says He Didn’t Contradict President. New York Times. September 1, 2017:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAthletic Training & Sports Health Care
ISSN (print)1942-5864
ISSN (online)1942-5872

Other styles