How to format your references using the Athletic Training & Sports Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Athletic Training & Sports Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang L. Amersham Prize winner. Expanding the genetic code. Science. 2003;302(5645):584-585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gombosi TI, Ingersoll AP. Saturn: atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere. Science. 2010;327(5972):1476-1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henikoff S, Ahmad K, Malik HS. The centromere paradox: stable inheritance with rapidly evolving DNA. Science. 2001;293(5532):1098-1102.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee JH, Lee JE, Kahng JY, et al. Human glioblastoma arises from subventricular zone cells with low-level driver mutations. Nature. 2018;560(7717):243-247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilisoly R. Practical Text Mining with Perl. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Martinoli A, Mondada F, Correll N, et al., eds. Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems: The 10th International Symposium. Vol 83. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Diersing RW, Sain MK, Won C-H. A Multiobjective Cumulant Control Problem. In: Won C-H, Schrader CB, Michel AN, eds. Advances in Statistical Control, Algebraic Systems Theory, and Dynamic Systems Characteristics: A Tribute to Michael K. Sain. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2008:99-125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Athletic Training & Sports Health Care.

Blog post
Luntz S. 1.7-Million-Year-Old Human Cancer Is The Oldest Ever Found. IFLScience. Published July 28, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommuting: Overview of Challenges Facing Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres-Partida A. Bridging the gap between faith based leaders and mental health professionals. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Once ‘All In,’ Mets Are More Than 10 Games Out at the All-Star Break. New York Times. July 10, 2017:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAthletic Training & Sports Health Care
ISSN (print)1942-5864
ISSN (online)1942-5872

Other styles