How to format your references using the Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan, M. H. W. (2008). Supersolidity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1207–1209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, R. G. W., & Jacobson, K. (2002). A role for lipid shells in targeting proteins to caveolae, rafts, and other lipid domains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1821–1825.
A journal article with 3 authors
García-Ruiz, J. M., Melero-García, E., & Hyde, S. T. (2009). Morphogenesis of self-assembled nanocrystalline materials of barium carbonate and silica. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5912), 362–365.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sumino, A., Sumikama, T., Iwamoto, M., Dewa, T., & Oiki, S. (2013). The open gate structure of the membrane-embedded KcsA potassium channel viewed from the cytoplasmic side. Scientific Reports, 3, 1063.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alvarez, P. J. J., & Illman, W. A. (2005). Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Carnegie, P. J., King, V. T., & Zawawi, I. (Eds.). (2016). Human Insecurities in Southeast Asia (Vol. 5). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lozovanu, D., & Pickl, S. (2015). Dynamic Programming Algorithms for Finite Horizon Control Problems and Markov Decision Processes. In S. Pickl (Ed.), Optimization of Stochastic Discrete Systems and Control on Complex Networks: Computational Networks (pp. 341–388). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 26). Glorious Gravitational Lens Discovered In The Distant Universe. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Troops-To-Teachers: Program Brings More Men and Minorities to the Teaching Workforce, but Education Could Improve Management to Enhance Results (No. GAO-06-265). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
France, K. A. (2015). Triadic Supervision: An Exploration of Supervisors’ Perceptions, Experiences and Practices (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, March 21). Fox Sidelines Legal Analyst After Wiretap Allegation. New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chan, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson & Jacobson, 2002; Chan, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson & Jacobson, 2002)
  • Three authors: (García-Ruiz, Melero-García, & Hyde, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sumino, Sumikama, Iwamoto, Dewa, & Oiki, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAssessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice
AbbreviationAssess. Educ.
ISSN (print)0969-594X
ISSN (online)1465-329X

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