How to format your references using the Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, S. (2003). Bioinformatics: programmed for success. Nature, 425(6954), 209–215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, W.-Y., & Snider, W. D. (2008). Neuroscience. Overcoming inhibitions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5903), 869–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xi, Z., Khoo, C. C. H., & Dobson, S. L. (2005). Wolbachia establishment and invasion in an Aedes aegypti laboratory population. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 326–328.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fontana, M., Deppe, T., Boyd, A. K., Rinzan, M., Liu, A. Y., Paranjape, M., & Barbara, P. (2013). Electron-hole transport and photovoltaic effect in gated MoS2 Schottky junctions. Scientific Reports, 3, 1634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, W. (2011). E-Learning by Design. Pfeiffer.
An edited book
Aleven, V., Kay, J., & Mostow, J. (Eds.). (2010). Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 6094). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Deblonde, M. (2010). Responsible Agro-Food Biotechnology: Precaution as Public Reflexivity and Ongoing Engagement in the Service of Sustainable Development. In F.-T. Gottwald, H. W. Ingensiep, & M. Meinhardt (Eds.), Food Ethics (pp. 67–85). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 13). Maimed Toucan Set To Receive 3D Printed Beak. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Partnerships Needed to Address Risk of Major Disruptions (T-AIMD-98-266). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clyde, K. M. (2012). Instructors’ Perceptions of the National Association of Schools of Music Influence on the Development of Undergraduate Applied Percussion Curricula [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2009, March 8). Even Among Venerable Texts, A Torah Like No Other. New York Times, CY5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Buckingham, 2003; Kim & Snider, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim & Snider, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Xi et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fontana et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAssessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice
AbbreviationAssess. Educ.
ISSN (print)0969-594X
ISSN (online)1465-329X

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