How to format your references using the Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hackney, D. D. (2007). Biochemistry. Processive motor movement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5821), 58–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lilley, B. N., & Ploegh, H. L. (2004). A membrane protein required for dislocation of misfolded proteins from the ER. Nature, 429(6994), 834–840.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, F., Burns, M. J., & Naughton, M. J. (2014). Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Scientific Reports, 4, 7267.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, H.-R., Zhang, Y., Ozdamar, B., Ogunjimi, A. A., Alexandrova, E., Thomsen, G. H., & Wrana, J. L. (2003). Regulation of cell polarity and protrusion formation by targeting RhoA for degradation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5651), 1775–1779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fu, F. (2015). Advanced Modelling Techniques in Structural Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Handl, J., Hart, E., Lewis, P. R., López-Ibáñez, M., Ochoa, G., & Paechter, B. (Eds.). (2016). Parallel Problem Solving from Nature – PPSN XIV: 14th International Conference, Edinburgh, UK, September 17-21, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 9921). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dimaras, H., & Gallie, B. L. (2010). Genetics of Retinoblastoma and Genetic Counseling. In C. Rodriguez-Galindo & M. W. Wilson (Eds.), Retinoblastoma (pp. 41–54). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 11). Scientists Have Connected Rabbit Retinas To Computer Chips To Learn How Our Brains Experience The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Health Information Technology: HHS Should Assess the Effectiveness of Its Efforts to Enhance Patient Access to and Use of Electronic Health Information (GAO-17-305). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brooks, C. E. (2010). Action research: Interventions for helping leaders use groups to affect conflict between workforce generations [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014, May 18). Brightening the Night With a Spring Palette. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hackney, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hackney, 2007; Lilley & Ploegh, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lilley & Ploegh, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Ye et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAssessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice
AbbreviationAssess. Educ.
ISSN (print)0969-594X
ISSN (online)1465-329X

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