How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, John. 2011. “Chemistry. High-Throughput Discovery of New Chemical Reactions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6048): 1387–1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oreskes, Naomi, and Erik M. Conway. 2010. “Defeating the Merchants of Doubt.” Nature 465 (7299): 686–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan, Calvin H., Christopher C. Williams, and Jonathan S. Weissman. 2015. “LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on ‘Principles of ER Cotranslational Translocation Revealed by Proximity-Specific Ribosome Profiling.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6240): 1217.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nyman, May, François Bonhomme, Todd M. Alam, Mark A. Rodriguez, Brian R. Cherry, James L. Krumhansl, Tina M. Nenoff, and Amy M. Sattler. 2002. “A General Synthetic Procedure for Heteropolyniobates.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5583): 996–998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, David. 2008. The JCT Intermediate Building Contracts 2005. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Murgante, Beniamino, Osvaldo Gervasi, Sanjay Misra, Nadia Nedjah, Ana Maria A. C. Rocha, David Taniar, and Bernady O. Apduhan, eds. 2012. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2012: 12th International Conference, Salvador de Bahia, Brazil, June 18-21, 2012, Proceedings, Part III. Vol. 7335. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carating, Rodelio B., Raymundo G. Galanta, and Clarita D. Bacatio. 2014. “Soils and the Philippine Economy.” In The Soils of the Philippines, edited by Raymundo G. Galanta and Clarita D. Bacatio, 187–271. World Soils Book Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Scientists Make Hilarious Proofreading Error.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Controls Over Nonimmigrant Aliens Remain Ineffective. GGD-80-87. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLima, Laura E. 2017. “Implementing an Innovative Educational Program in an Era of Accountability: An Interview Study of the Expeditionary Learning Program.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, Serge F., and Matt Flegenheimer. 2014. “Christie Allies Joked of Disrupting Traffic at a Rabbi’s House.” New York Times, February 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Montgomery 2011; Oreskes and Conway 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oreskes and Conway 2010)
  • Three authors: (Jan, Williams, and Weissman 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nyman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics
ISSN (print)1608-1625
ISSN (online)2164-2257
Economics and Econometrics

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