How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brower, Vicki. 2011. “Biomarkers: Portents of Malignancy.” Nature 471 (7339): S19-21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, Susan J., and Linda C. Giudice. 2013. “Retrospective. Robert G. Edwards (1925-2013).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6134): 825.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing, Mingyang, Xiao Li, and Jinlong Zhang. 2014. “Synergistic Effect on the Visible Light Activity of Ti3+ Doped TiO2 Nanorods/Boron Doped Graphene Composite.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5493.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Justman, Quincey A., Zach Serber, James E. Ferrell Jr, Hana El-Samad, and Kevan M. Shokat. 2009. “Tuning the Activation Threshold of a Kinase Network by Nested Feedback Loops.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5926): 509–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schaik, Carel P. Van. 2015. The Primate Origins of Human Nature. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kolb, Andreas, and Reinhard Koch, eds. 2009. Dynamic 3D Imaging: DAGM 2009 Workshop, Dyn3D 2009, Jena, Germany, September 9, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 5742. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Curry, Guy L., and Richard M. Feldman. 2011. “Processing Time Variability.” In Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis, edited by Richard M. Feldman, 109–123. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “10 Of The Strangest Known Medical Conditions.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Update of Economic Analysis of Impact Aid Program Reflecting the Educational Amendments of 1974. HRD-78-132. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puebla, Ruben Alexander. 2014. “The Avant-Garde Tuba: Analysis and Comparisons of Interpretations of William Kraft’s Encounters II for Unaccompanied Tuba.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2002. “Transfer Finds Home At Manhattan College.” New York Times, October 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brower 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brower 2011; Fisher and Giudice 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fisher and Giudice 2013)
  • Three authors: (Xing, Li, and Zhang 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Justman et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics
ISSN (print)1608-1625
ISSN (online)2164-2257
Economics and Econometrics

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