How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alvarez-Buylla, Arturo. 2014. “Yoshiki Sasai (1962-2014).” Nature 513 (7516): 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Machin, Stephen, and Tuomas Pekkarinen. 2008. “Assessment. Global Sex Differences in Test Score Variability.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5906): 1331–1332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitaker, Rachel J., Dennis W. Grogan, and John W. Taylor. 2003. “Geographic Barriers Isolate Endemic Populations of Hyperthermophilic Archaea.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5635): 976–978.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sciaini, Germán, Maher Harb, Sergei G. Kruglik, Thomas Payer, Christoph T. Hebeisen, Frank-J Meyer zu Heringdorf, Mariko Yamaguchi, Michael Horn-von Hoegen, Ralph Ernstorfer, and R. J. Dwayne Miller. 2009. “Electronic Acceleration of Atomic Motions and Disordering in Bismuth.” Nature 458 (7234): 56–59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, Boris M. 2010. Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bose, Prosenjit, Leszek Antoni Gąsieniec, Kay Römer, and Roger Wattenhofer, eds. 2015. Algorithms for Sensor Systems: 11th International Symposium on Algorithms and Experiments for Wireless Sensor Networks, ALGOSENSORS 2015, Patras, Greece, September 17-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 9536. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kolosova, N., and J. Bohlmann. 2012. “Conifer Defense Against Insects and Fungal Pathogens.” In Growth and Defence in Plants: Resource Allocation at Multiple Scales, edited by Rainer Matyssek, Hans Schnyder, Wolfgang Oßwald, Dieter Ernst, Jean Charles Munch, and Hans Pretzsch, 85–109. Ecological Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “Spiders Colonized A Remote Pacific Island By Flying There.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. FCC: Policies and Rules Concerning Children’s Television Programming--Revision of Programming Policies for Television Broadcast Stations. OGC-96-37. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duffy, Brenton. 2012. “Analytical Methods and Perturbation Theory for the Elliptic Restricted Three-Body Problem of Astrodynamics.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Greg. 2004. “There’s No Politics In the Foxhole.” New York Times, October 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alvarez-Buylla 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Alvarez-Buylla 2014; Machin and Pekkarinen 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Machin and Pekkarinen 2008)
  • Three authors: (Whitaker, Grogan, and Taylor 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sciaini et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics
ISSN (print)1608-1625
ISSN (online)2164-2257
Economics and Econometrics

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