How to format your references using the Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) State of the unions. Nature 428, 965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowman JD, Rogers AEE (2010) A lower limit of Δz > 0.06 for the duration of the reionization epoch. Nature 468, 796–798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mihalcescu I, Hsing W, Leibler S (2004) Resilient circadian oscillator revealed in individual cyanobacteria. Nature 430, 81–85.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kawamura T, Suzuki J, Wang YV et al. (2009) Linking the p53 tumour suppressor pathway to somatic cell reprogramming. Nature 460, 1140–1144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port M, Samuels M (2009) The Think Big Manifesto. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ .
An edited book
Gdoutos EE (ed) (2007) Experimental Analysis of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July 1–6, 2007. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht .
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas JC, Schroeder D, Chennells R, Chaturvedi S, Feinholz D (2013) Sharing Traditional Knowledge: Who benefits? Cases from India, Nigeria, Mexico and South Africa. In: Schroeder D , In: Cook Lucas J (eds) Benefit Sharing: From Biodiversity to Human Genetics, pp. 65–93. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Scientists Turn Stem Cells Into Cancer-Destroyers. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Radioactive Sources: Opportunities Exist for Federal Agencies to Strengthen Transportation Security. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pigott C (2016) School Resource Officers and the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Discovering Trends of Expulsions in Public Schools.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2017) Her Peers Made School Look Easy. With Hard Work, She’s Catching Up. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004, Bowman & Rogers 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowman & Rogers 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kawamura et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia & the Pacific Policy Studies
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Policy Stud.
ISSN (online)2050-2680

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