How to format your references using the Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rejmánek M (2015) Ecology: Global trends in plant naturalization. Nature 525, 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barbour DL, Wang X (2003) Contrast tuning in auditory cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, 1073–1075.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hafed ZM, Goffart L, Krauzlis RJ (2009) A neural mechanism for microsaccade generation in the primate superior colliculus. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323, 940–943.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bruno A, Lembo F, Novellino E, Stornaiuolo M, Marinelli L (2014) Beyond radio-displacement techniques for identification of CB1 ligands: the first application of a fluorescence-quenching assay. Scientific reports 4, 3757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner D (2013) Combined Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ .
An edited book
Shukla P (2015) Computational Approaches in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for Effectual Bio-hydrogen Production. Springer India, New Delhi .
A chapter in an edited book
Ben-Chaim D, Keret Y, Ilany B-S (2012) Proportional Reasoning—A Psychological-Didactical View. In: Ben-Chaim D , In: Keret Y , In: Ilany B-S (eds) Ratio and Proportion: Research and Teaching in Mathematics Teachers’ Education (Pre- and In-Service Mathematics Teachers of Elementary and Middle School Classes), pp. 49–60. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Parakeets Are The New Pigeons – And They’re On Course For Global Domination. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Telecommunications: GSA Faces Challenges in Planning for New Governmentwide Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grigoryan A (2015) Feedback 2.0 in online writing instruction: Combining audio-visual and text-based commentary to enhance student revision and writing competency.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson A, Goldstein M (2016) Fund Manager Facing Charges Is Found Dead at Home. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rejmánek 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Barbour & Wang 2003, Rejmánek 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barbour & Wang 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bruno et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia & the Pacific Policy Studies
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Policy Stud.
ISSN (online)2050-2680

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