How to format your references using the Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sapolsky RM (2011) Behavior. Sympathy for the CEO. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333, 293–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laflamme MA, Murry CE (2011) Heart regeneration. Nature 473, 326–335.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinhard J, Srinivasan MV, Zhang S (2004) Olfaction: scent-triggered navigation in honeybees. Nature 427, 411.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cao C-Y, Shen Y-Y, Wang J-D, Li L, Liang G-L (2013) Controlled intracellular self-assembly of gadolinium nanoparticles as smart molecular MR contrast agents. Scientific reports 3, 1024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan TP (2011) Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement: Ryan/Quality Improvement 3E. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ .
An edited book
Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Wilde AAM, Friedman PA, Ackerman MJ, Shen W-K (eds) (2008) Electrical Diseases of the Heart: Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention. Springer, London .
A chapter in an edited book
Hales TC (2011) Sphere Packings, III. Extremal Cases. In: Lagarias JC (ed) The Kepler Conjecture: The Hales-Ferguson Proof, pp. 135–176. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) This Lacewing Bacterium Kills Only Males. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Surface Transportation: Actions Needed to Improve Documentation of Key Decisions in the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vazquez Baeza Y (2017) Statistical Representations Of Microbial Systems.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J (2017) For Some in Charlottesville, Statue Dispute Distracts From City’s Deep Racial Split. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sapolsky 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Laflamme & Murry 2011, Sapolsky 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laflamme & Murry 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia & the Pacific Policy Studies
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Policy Stud.
ISSN (online)2050-2680

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