How to format your references using the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaren, A. (2000). “Art imitates life.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5472), 1777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook-Deegan, R. M., and McCormack, S. J. (2001). “Intellectual property. Patents, secrecy, and DNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mustard, J. F., Cooper, C. D., and Rifkin, M. K. (2001). “Evidence for recent climate change on Mars from the identification of youthful near-surface ground ice.” Nature, 412(6845), 411–414.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Davenport, T. R. B., Stanley, W. T., Sargis, E. J., De Luca, D. W., Mpunga, N. E., Machaga, S. J., and Olson, L. E. (2006). “A new genus of African monkey, Rungwecebus: morphology, ecology, and molecular phylogenetics.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1378–1381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D., and Prutchi, S. R. (2012). Exploring Quantum Physics Through Hands-On Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zilberman, D., Otte, J., Roland-Holst, D., and Pfeiffer, D. (Eds.). (2012). Health and Animal Agriculture in Developing Countries. Natural Resource Management and Policy, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ligtvoet, A., and Herder, P. M. (2012). “Simulation and Gaming for Understanding the Complexity of Cooperation in Industrial Networks.” Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Complex Systems Design & Management CSDM 2011, O. Hammami, D. Krob, and J.-L. Voirin, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 81–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “Stem Cell Transplant Improves Physical and Cognitive Symptoms In 50% Of MS Patients.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Procedures for Updating Arbitrator Disclosure Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casco, D. (2014). “Consonance: An inter play of music and design to evoke curiosity and awareness of our musical identity.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). “Justices Hear Arguments On Autism-Case Dispute.” New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLaren 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cook-Deegan and McCormack 2001; McLaren 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cook-Deegan and McCormack 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Davenport et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering
AbbreviationASCE ASME J. Risk Uncertain. Eng. Syst. A Civ. Eng.
ISSN (online)2376-7642

Other styles