How to format your references using the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrari, G. (2015). “Physics. Dynamics of a cold quantum gas.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6218), 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins, A. M., and Jones, R. A. (2000). “Anisotropic spinodal dewetting as a route to self-assembly of patterned surfaces.” Nature, 404(6777), 476–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chadderton, P., Margrie, T. W., and Häusser, M. (2004). “Integration of quanta in cerebellar granule cells during sensory processing.” Nature, 428(6985), 856–860.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tiberkevich, V. S., Khymyn, R. S., Tang, H. X., and Slavin, A. N. (2014). “Sensitivity to external signals and synchronization properties of a non-isochronous auto-oscillator with delayed feedback.” Scientific reports, 4, 3873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, G. C. (2010). Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
DuCharme, R. W., and Gullotta, T. P. (Eds.). (2013). Asperger Syndrome: A Guide for Professionals and Families. Issues in Children’s and Families’ Lives, Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Swamee, P. K., and Chahar, B. R. (2015). “General Principles of Canal Design.” Design of Canals, Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering, B. R. Chahar, ed., Springer India, New Delhi, 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “Pesky Beetle Destroys Coffee Crops Thanks to Caffeine-Detoxing Gut Microbes.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Microwave Landing Systems: Additional Systems Should Not Be Procured Unless Benefits Proven. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baudy, A. R. (2010). “Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2001). “Concert Settings Fit for a Romanov.” New York Times, 53.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferrari 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ferrari 2015; Higgins and Jones 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins and Jones 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tiberkevich et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering
AbbreviationASCE ASME J. Risk Uncertain. Eng. Syst. A Civ. Eng.
ISSN (online)2376-7642

Other styles