How to format your references using the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watt, F. M. (2014). “Mammalian skin cell biology: at the interface between laboratory and clinic.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6212), 937–940.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losick, R., and Sonenshein, A. L. (2001). “Molecular biology. Turning gene regulation on its head.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2018–2019.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, J.-Y., Wu, X.-S., and Wu, L.-G. (2002). “Single and multiple vesicle fusion induce different rates of endocytosis at a central synapse.” Nature, 417(6888), 555–559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Samatey, F. A., Matsunami, H., Imada, K., Nagashima, S., Shaikh, T. R., Thomas, D. R., Chen, J. Z., Derosier, D. J., Kitao, A., and Namba, K. (2004). “Structure of the bacterial flagellar hook and implication for the molecular universal joint mechanism.” Nature, 431(7012), 1062–1068.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, C. L., and Bernal, S. (2016). Modern Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Prasad, B. (Ed.). (2008). Soft Computing Applications in Business. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Hara, K. E. (2014). “Unraveling Technology Use in Urban Schools.” Transforming Urban Education: Urban Teachers and Students Working Collaboratively, K. Tobin and A. Shady, eds., SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). “Stunning Rainbow of Fluorescent Corals Discovered in the Red Sea.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Transportation Infrastructure: Progress On and Challenges to Central Artery/Tunnel Project’s Costs and Financing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladd, R. J. (2014). “A Study of Alternative Education Programs in the State of Missouri.” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gant, K. (2011). “Quotation of the Day.” New York Times, A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Losick and Sonenshein 2001; Watt 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losick and Sonenshein 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Samatey et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering
AbbreviationASCE ASME J. Risk Uncertain. Eng. Syst. A Civ. Eng.
ISSN (online)2376-7642

Other styles