How to format your references using the Arts & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arts & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benniston, A. (2013). Chemistry. Corralling positively charged molecular radicals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6118), 404–405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hanson, R., & Awschalom, D. D. (2008). Coherent manipulation of single spins in semiconductors. Nature, 453(7198), 1043–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire, J. J., Boettcher, M. S., & Jordan, T. H. (2005). Foreshock sequences and short-term earthquake predictability on East Pacific Rise transform faults. Nature, 434(7032), 457–461.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, D., Katsouras, I., Li, M., Asadi, K., Tsurumi, J., Glasser, G., … de Leeuw, D. M. (2014). Polarization fatigue of organic ferroelectric capacitors. Scientific Reports, 4, 5075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Chevalier, F., Lesselier, D., & Staraj, R. (2011). Non-standard Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kowalik, J. S., Gorski, J., & Sachenko, A. (Eds.). (2005). Cyberspace Security and Defense: Research Issues: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Cyberspace Security and Defense: Research Issues Gdansk, Poland 6–9 September 2004 (Vol. 196). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Droop, M., Flarer, M., Groppe, J., Groppe, S., Linnemann, V., Pinggera, J., … Zugal, S. (2007). Translating XPath Queries into SPARQL Queries. In R. Meersman, Z. Tari, & P. Herrero (Eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 9–10). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arts & Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 25). Key Ingredient For Life Discovered On Mars. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). National Science Foundation: Steps Taken to Improve Contracting Practices, but Opportunities Exist to Do More (No. GAO-13-292). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takayama, M. (2010). The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, May 10). Mets Lose Out on a Sweep as Familia and Flores Don’t Have It. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benniston, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Benniston, 2013; Hanson & Awschalom, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hanson & Awschalom, 2008)
  • Three authors: (McGuire, Boettcher, & Jordan, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArts & Health
AbbreviationArts Health
ISSN (print)1753-3015
ISSN (online)1753-3023
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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