How to format your references using the Arts & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arts & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2009). The Gonzo Scientist. Gourmet food, served by dogs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5917), 1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura, M. T., & Dangl, J. L. (2014). Plant science. Paired plant immune receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6181), 267–268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellwood, M. J., Wille, M., & Maher, W. (2010). Glacial silicic acid concentrations in the Southern Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6007), 1088–1091.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feng, L., Yang, L., Huang, Z., Luo, J., Li, M., Wang, D., & Chen, Y. (2013). Enhancing electrocatalytic oxygen reduction on nitrogen-doped graphene by active sites implantation. Scientific Reports, 3, 3306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haupt, R. L. (2015). Timed Arrays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shi, Y. Q. (Ed.). (2012). Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security VII (Vol. 7110). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Babenyshev, S., & Rybakov, V. (2008). Decidability of Hybrid Logic with Local Common Knowledge Based on Linear Temporal Logic LTL. In A. Beckmann, C. Dimitracopoulos, & B. Löwe (Eds.), Logic and Theory of Algorithms: 4th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2008, Athens, Greece, June 15-20, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 32–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arts & Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 19). Watch T Cells Hunt Down And Kill Cancer Cells. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Desert Shield and Desert Storm Reports and Testimonies: 1991-93 (NSIAD-94-134W). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hannington, R. L. (2011). Power and display in the court music of Augustus the Strong: The influences affecting the composition of Johann David Heinichens’s sinfonias [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016, August 25). Intimate Portraits of a Golden Era. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon, 2009; Nishimura & Dangl, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishimura & Dangl, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Ellwood et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArts & Health
AbbreviationArts Health
ISSN (print)1753-3015
ISSN (online)1753-3023
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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