How to format your references using the Archives of Women's Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Women's Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFadden P (2002) Tech.Sight. Biosensors. Broadband biodetection: Holmes on a chip. Science 297:2075–2076
A journal article with 2 authors
Nath D, Shadan S (2009) The ubiquitin system. Nature 458:421
A journal article with 3 authors
Bell FI, McEwen IJ, Viney C (2002) Fibre science: supercontraction stress in wet spider dragline. Nature 416:37
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu Y, Luo Y, Wu J, et al (2013) Graphene oxide can induce in vitro and in vivo mutagenesis. Sci Rep 3:3469

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Youssef HA (2015) Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ruru L (ed) (2016) Staging China: New Theatres in the Twenty-First Century. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Assavapokee T, Realff MJ, Ammons JC (2009) A Relative Robust Optimization Approach for Full Factorial Scenario Design of Data Uncertainty and Ambiguity. In: Chaovalitwongse W, Furman KC, Pardalos PM (eds) Optimization and Logistics Challenges in the Enterprise. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 145–174

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Women's Mental Health.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) New Super Black Material Absorbs 99.965% Of Light. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Controls Over Computer-Generated Output at the Naval Supply Center, Oakland. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams Soberanes C (2012) Experiences of Mexican Immigrant Women Living in the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) Struggling Puerto Rico Defaults on Its Debt Payments. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McFadden 2002).
This sentence cites two references (McFadden 2002; Nath and Shadan 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nath and Shadan 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Women's Mental Health
AbbreviationArch. Womens. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1434-1816
ISSN (online)1435-1102
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles