How to format your references using the Archives of Women's Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Women's Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGaugh S (2007) Astronomy. Seeing through dark matter. Science 317:607–608
A journal article with 2 authors
Dupont S, Pörtner H (2013) Marine science: get ready for ocean acidification. Nature 498:429
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan CH, Williams CC, Weissman JS (2015) LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science 348:1217
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li J, Li X, Zhai H-J, Wang L-S (2003) Au20: a tetrahedral cluster. Science 299:864–867

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machin D, Campbell MJ (2005) Design of Studies for Medical Research. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Chan CC (2016) Problem Gambling in Hong Kong and Macao: Etiology, Prevalence and Treatment. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Austin J, Bentkover J, Chait L (2016) Driving Successful Implementation. In: Austin J, Bentkover J, Chait L (eds) Leading Strategic Change in an Era of Healthcare Transformation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Women's Mental Health.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) First-Ever Species Of Cave Fish Discovered In Europe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Aviation Safety: Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reimer EL (2010) Grant proposal: Support services for families of children diagnosed with autism. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S (2016) 왜 영재반에서는 흑인과 히스패닉 학생을 보기 힘들까? New York Times BU6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGaugh 2007).
This sentence cites two references (McGaugh 2007; Dupont and Pörtner 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dupont and Pörtner 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Women's Mental Health
AbbreviationArch. Womens. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1434-1816
ISSN (online)1435-1102
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles