How to format your references using the Archives of Women's Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Women's Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2003) US debates future of Iraqi scientists. Nature 422:789
A journal article with 2 authors
Marsan D, Lengliné O (2008) Extending earthquakes’ reach through cascading. Science 319:1076–1079
A journal article with 3 authors
Stach S, Benard J, Giurfa M (2004) Local-feature assembling in visual pattern recognition and generalization in honeybees. Nature 429:758–761
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Brizuela F, Heyl CM, Rudawski P, et al (2013) Efficient high-order harmonic generation boosted by below-threshold harmonics. Sci Rep 3:1410

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hermans J, Lentz B (2013) Equilibria and Kinetics of Biological Macromolecules. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gervasi O, Murgante B, Misra S, et al (eds) (2016) Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part IV. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lee C-S, Wang M-H, Hung P-H, et al (2013) Apply Fuzzy Markup Language to ASAP Assessment System. In: Acampora G, Loia V, Lee C-S, Wang M-H (eds) On the Power of Fuzzy Markup Language. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Women's Mental Health.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Rubella Has Officially Been Eradicated From The Americas. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Reports Issued in August 1988. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton JD (2012) The Changing Dynamics of Health Care: Physician Perceptions of Technology in Medical Practices. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) The Rapper Future Sets a Billboard Record. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2003; Marsan and Lengliné 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marsan and Lengliné 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Brizuela et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Women's Mental Health
AbbreviationArch. Womens. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1434-1816
ISSN (online)1435-1102
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles