How to format your references using the Archives de pédiatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives de pédiatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Majumdar A. Materials science. Thermoelectricity in semiconductor nanostructures. Science 2004;303:777–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herbst D, Mas A. Peer effects on worker output in the laboratory generalize to the field. Science 2015;350:545–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilkinson JJ, Simmons SF, Stoffell B. How metalliferous brines line Mexican epithermal veins with silver. Sci Rep 2013;3:2057.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Redhu NS, Shan L, Movassagh H, Gounni AS. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin induces migration in human airway smooth muscle cells. Sci Rep 2013;3:2301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodgers N. Learning to Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
Avella A, Mancini F, editors. Strongly Correlated Systems: Experimental Techniques. vol. 180. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Valcke M. “Evidence-Based Teaching, Evidence-Based Teacher Education” (Quality of Teachers and Quality of Teacher Education). In: Zhu X, Zeichner K, editors. Preparing Teachers for the 21st Century, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives de pédiatrie.

Blog post
Andrew E. Thanks To Reduced Solar Activity, We Could Be Heading For A Mini Ice Age In 2030. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security: Restoration of Telephone Access to Local SSA Offices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Todman JV. Applicability of health care leadership competence and leadership behaviors for women’s achieving health care executive status. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer J, Thrush G, Pear R. How a Health Care Bill Failed: G.O.P. Divisions and a Fed-Up President. New York Times 2017:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives de pédiatrie
AbbreviationArch. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0929-693X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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