How to format your references using the Archives de pédiatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives de pédiatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Youle RJ. Cell biology. Cellular demolition and the rules of engagement. Science 2007;315:776–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada JL, Lazcano A. Perceptions of science. Prebiotic soup--revisiting the Miller experiment. Science 2003;300:745–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen JL, Wilson CR, Tapley BD. Satellite gravity measurements confirm accelerated melting of Greenland ice sheet. Science 2006;313:1958–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kewcharoenwong C, Rinchai D, Utispan K, Suwannasaen D, Bancroft GJ, Ato M, et al. Glibenclamide reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production by neutrophils of diabetes patients in response to bacterial infection. Sci Rep 2013;3:3363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter M. From GSM to LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Tavares JMRS, Natal Jorge RM, editors. Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences. vol. 21. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
García S, Luengo J, Herrera F. Dealing with Missing Values. In: Luengo J, Herrera F, editors. Data Preprocessing in Data Mining, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 59–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives de pédiatrie.

Blog post
Davis J. New Medical Material Uses Snake Venom To Stem Bleeding. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Preliminary Observations on Major Acquisition Projects and Management Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim B. Essays in the Dynamics Bayesian Models in Marketing. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. A Familiar Ring. New York Times 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives de pédiatrie
AbbreviationArch. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0929-693X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles