How to format your references using the Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poppy, G. (2015). Science must prepare for impact. Nature, 526(7571), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinman, R. M., & Banchereau, J. (2007). Taking dendritic cells into medicine. Nature, 449(7161), 419–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duncan, K., Sadanand, A., & Davachi, L. (2012). Memory’s penumbra: episodic memory decisions induce lingering mnemonic biases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6093), 485–487.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ortlepp, T., Ariando, Mielke, O., Verwijs, C. J. M., Foo, K. F. K., Rogalla, H., Uhlmann, F. H., & Hilgenkamp, H. (2006). Flip-flopping fractional flux quanta. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5779), 1495–1497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saghyan, A. S., & Langer, P. (2016). Asymmetric Synthesis of Non&;#x02010;Proteinogenic Amino Acids. Wiley&;#x02010;VCH Verlag GmbH &;#38; Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Proulx, T. (Ed.). (2011). Engineering Applications of Residual Stress, Volume 8: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Weresa, M. A. (2014). Policies Supporting Regional Innovation in Poland in 2014–2020: The European and National Perspective. In A. A. Ambroziak (Ed.), New Cohesion Policy of the European Union in Poland: How It Will Influence the Investment Attractiveness of Regions in 2014-2020 (pp. 77–89). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, May 24). Magic Mushrooms Are Safer Than Alcohol, According To Global Study. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Air Traffic Control: FAA Can Better Forecast and Prevent Equipment Failures (RCED-91-179). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrugia, T. J. (2010). Abundance, habitat use and movement patterns of the shovelnose guitarfish (Rhinobatus productus) in a restored Southern California estuary [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2010, March 14). Elizabeth Greig and Jason Extein. New York Times, ST15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poppy, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Poppy, 2015; Steinman & Banchereau, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinman & Banchereau, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Duncan et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ortlepp et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry
AbbreviationArboric. J.
ISSN (print)0307-1375
ISSN (online)2168-1074
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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