How to format your references using the Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Reversal of fortune. Nature, 433(7026), 663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peñuelas, J., & Filella, I. (2001). Phenology. Responses to a warming world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5543), 793–795.
A journal article with 3 authors
Post, D. M., Pace, M. L., & Hairston, N. G., Jr. (2000). Ecosystem size determines food-chain length in lakes. Nature, 405(6790), 1047–1049.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., Kong, X., Shao, X., Chen, S., … An, Z. (2008). Millennial- and orbital-scale changes in the East Asian monsoon over the past 224,000 years. Nature, 451(7182), 1090–1093.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A. (2011). Applied Metrology for Manufacturing Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schwab, M. (Ed.). (2011). Encyclopedia of Cancer (3rd ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blonder, R., & Sakhnini, S. (2016). What Are the Basic Concepts of Nanoscale Science and Technology (NST) that Should Be Included in NST Educational Programs? In K. Winkelmann & B. Bhushan (Eds.), Global Perspectives of Nanoscience and Engineering Education (pp. 117–127). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, October 1). “Scratching” Sounds A Woman Heard Were Caused By Spider Living In Her Ear. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Comments on Applicability of Grant-Back Provision of General Education Provisions Act to Library Services and Construction Act Programs] (No. B-223088). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fetterolf-Klein, S. (2015). Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 6). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, in South Carolina, Shows He Is a Threat in the South. New York Times, p. 130.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Peñuelas & Filella, 2001; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peñuelas & Filella, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Post, Pace, & Hairston, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry
AbbreviationArboric. J.
ISSN (print)0307-1375
ISSN (online)2168-1074
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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