How to format your references using the Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers, R. G. (2004). Obituary: David Shoenberg (1911-2004). Nature, 428(6983), 613.
A journal article with 2 authors
Radisky, D. C., & Bissell, M. J. (2004). Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 775–777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villar, G., Graham, A. D., & Bayley, H. (2013). A tissue-like printed material. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6128), 48–52.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nair, D. T., Johnson, R. E., Prakash, L., Prakash, S., & Aggarwal, A. K. (2005). Rev1 employs a novel mechanism of DNA synthesis using a protein template. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2219–2222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharkh, S. M., Abusara, M. A., Orfanoudakis, G. I., & Hussain, B. (2014). Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Belomestny, D. (2015). Lévy Matters IV: Estimation for Discretely Observed Lévy Processes (F. Comte, V. Genon-Catalot, H. Masuda, & M. Reiß, Eds.; Vol. 2128). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sioutas, S., Tsichlas, K., Karydis, I., Manolopoulos, Y., & Theodoridis, Y. (2011). NEFOS: Rapid Cache-Aware Range Query Processing with Probabilistic Guarantees. In A. Hameurlain, S. W. Liddle, K.-D. Schewe, & X. Zhou (Eds.), Database and Expert Systems Applications: 22nd International Conference, DEXA 2011, Toulouse, France, August 29 - September 2, 2011. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 62–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 14). How Likely Is It That Your Job Will Be Replaced By A Robot? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Telecommunications Technology: Federal Funding for Schools and Libraries (HEHS-99-133). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boukes, J. (2012). An exploration of online spam prevention through geolocational filters [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, September 13). Another Exclusive Yields No. 1 Album. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers, 2004; Radisky & Bissell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Radisky & Bissell, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Villar et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nair et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleArboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry
AbbreviationArboric. J.
ISSN (print)0307-1375
ISSN (online)2168-1074
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

Other styles