How to format your references using the Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2013). Solar energy. Performance of nanowire solar cells on the rise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6117), 263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deuss, A., & Woodhouse, J. (2001). Seismic observations of splitting of the mid-transition zone discontinuity in Earth’s mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5541), 354–357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitkaliyeva, A., Chen, D., & Shao, L. (2013). Phonon transport assisted by inter-tube carbon displacements in carbon nanotube mats. Scientific Reports, 3, 2774.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zollikofer, C. P. E., Ponce de León, M. S., Lieberman, D. E., Guy, F., Pilbeam, D., Likius, A., … Brunet, M. (2005). Virtual cranial reconstruction of Sahelanthropus tchadensis. Nature, 434(7034), 755–759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Gumster, J., & Shimonski, R. (2010). GIMP Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Boersma, K., Goedhart, M., Jong, O. de, & Eijkelhof, H. (Eds.). (2005). Research and the Quality of Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cawley, O., Wang, X., & Richardson, I. (2010). Lean/Agile Software Development Methodologies in Regulated Environments – State of the Art. In P. Abrahamsson & N. Oza (Eds.), Lean Enterprise Software and Systems: First International Conference, LESS 2010, Helsinki, Finland, October 17-20, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 31–36). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 26). Man-Made Chemical Pollutants Could Be Making The Polar Bear Penis Bone More Fragile. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Developing and Using Questionnaires (No. 130587). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gade, S. (2017). Design and Implementation of Hybrid Hyperchaotic Sequences for Chaos-Based Communication Systems (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., & Hale, M. (2017, May 17). Ahead of Its Time? Let’s Look Back. New York Times, p. AR29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Callaway, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (White, 2004; Wuethrich, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deuss & Woodhouse, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Aitkaliyeva, Chen, & Shao, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mayorga et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleArboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry
AbbreviationArboric. J.
ISSN (print)0307-1375
ISSN (online)2168-1074
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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