How to format your references using the Applied Catalysis B: Environmental citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.T. Butts, Revisiting the foundations of network analysis, Science. 325 (2009) 414–416.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Watson, D. Pauly, Systematic distortions in world fisheries catch trends, Nature. 414 (2001) 534–536.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Iwai, M. Yokono, A. Nakano, Visualizing structural dynamics of thylakoid membranes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3768.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.Q. Wang, L.S. Song, E.G. Lakatta, H. Cheng, Ca2+ signalling between single L-type Ca2+ channels and ryanodine receptors in heart cells, Nature. 410 (2001) 592–596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Larrieu, A. Varet, Rapid Prototyping of Software for Avionics Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
J.P. Denier, M.D. Finn, eds., Mechanics Down Under: Proceedings of the 22nd International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, held in Adelaide, Australia, 24 - 29 August, 2008, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Karra, M. Jelali, M.N. Karim, A. Horch, Detection of Oscillating Control Loops, in: M. Jelali, B. Huang (Eds.), Detection and Diagnosis of Stiction in Control Loops: State of the Art and Advanced Methods, Springer, London, 2010: pp. 61–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New Gel Could Prevent HIV Infection Hours After Sex, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation: Issues Associated With the Theft of Stock Used to Create Airline Tickets, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.G. Rosenfeld, The ascent of women to senior leadership positions in the financial services industry: A phenomenological study, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Encouraging Signs for the Ailing Mets, New York Times. (2017) SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
AbbreviationAppl. Catal. B
ISSN (print)0926-3373
Process Chemistry and Technology
General Environmental Science

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