How to format your references using the Applied & Translational Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied & Translational Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stella, N., 2012. Neuroscience. Inflammation to rebuild a brain. Science 338, 1303–1304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sothmann, B., Flindt, C., 2013. Physics. Quantized electronic heat flow. Science 342, 569–570.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quattrociocchi, W., Caldarelli, G., Scala, A., 2014. Opinion dynamics on interacting networks: media competition and social influence. Sci. Rep. 4, 4938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aihara, I., Mizumoto, T., Otsuka, T., Awano, H., Nagira, K., Okuno, H.G., Aihara, K., 2014. Spatio-temporal dynamics in collective frog choruses examined by mathematical modeling and field observations. Sci. Rep. 4, 3891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaisford, S., Saunders, M., 2012. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Preformulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fatta-Kassinos, D., Bester, K., Kümmerer, K. (Eds.), 2010. Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle: Mass Flows, Environmental Processes, Mitigation and Treatment Strategies, Environmental Pollution. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Reinarz, J., 2007. Corpus Curricula: Medical Education and the Voluntary Hospital Movement, in: Whitaker, H., Smith, C.U.M., Finger, S. (Eds.), Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied & Translational Genomics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Shrinking Hole In The Ozone Layer Shows What Collective Action Can Achieve [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. National Airspace System: Issues in Allocating Costs for Air Traffic Services to DOD and Other Users (No. RCED-97-106). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler, T.J., 2009. Efficient construction of accurate multiple alignments and large-scale phylogenies (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Beachy, S.C., 2014. Mars, Observed. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stella, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sothmann and Flindt, 2013; Stella, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sothmann and Flindt, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Aihara et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied & Translational Genomics
AbbreviationAppl. Transl. Genom.
ISSN (print)2212-0661
Molecular Biology
Pharmaceutical Science

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