How to format your references using the Applied & Translational Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied & Translational Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilcken, B., 2013. Medicine. Newborn screening: gaps in the evidence. Science 342, 197–198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Awasthi, A., Kuchroo, V.K., 2009. Immunology. The yin and yang of follicular helper T cells. Science 325, 953–955.
A journal article with 3 authors
Swan, A., Cockerill, M., Sipp, D., 2013. Advocacy: How to hasten open access. Nature 495, 442–443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okamoto, H., Fukushima, M., Teismann, H., Lagemann, L., Kitahara, T., Inohara, H., Kakigi, R., Pantev, C., 2014. Constraint-induced sound therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss--behavioral and neurophysiological outcomes. Sci. Rep. 4, 3927.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berto, F., 2009. There’s Something about Gödel. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Flesca, S., 2011. Repairing and Querying Databases under Aggregate Constraints, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Panakhyo, M., Jacobi, K., 2016. Limited Circumstances: Creating a Better Understanding of Prehistoric Peoples Through the Reanalysis of Collections of Commingled Human Remains, in: Osterholtz, A.J. (Ed.), Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied & Translational Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Stopping Mangrove Deforestation In Indonesia Could Help Slow Climate Change [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Telecommunications: Agencies Need Better Controls to Achieve Significant Savings on Mobile Devices and Services (No. GAO-15-431). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claypool, K.K., 2017. Organizational Success: How the Presence of Happiness in the Workplace Affects Employee Engagement that Leads to Organizational Success (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Journalist’s Appeal Turned Down. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilcken, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Awasthi and Kuchroo, 2009; Wilcken, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Awasthi and Kuchroo, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied & Translational Genomics
AbbreviationAppl. Transl. Genom.
ISSN (print)2212-0661
Molecular Biology
Pharmaceutical Science

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