How to format your references using the Anthropology & Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anthropology & Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petsko, Gregory. 2010. “Save University Arts from the Bean Counters.” Nature 468 (7327): 1003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cisek, Paul, and John F. Kalaska. 2004. “Neural Correlates of Mental Rehearsal in Dorsal Premotor Cortex.” Nature 431 (7011): 993–996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Zhongzhi, Huan Li, and Yibin Sheng. 2014. “Effects of Reciprocity on Random Walks in Weighted Networks.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7460.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blasco, Ruth, Clive Finlayson, Jordi Rosell, Antonio Sánchez Marco, Stewart Finlayson, Geraldine Finlayson, Juan José Negro, Francisco Giles Pacheco, and Joaquín Rodríguez Vidal. 2014. “The Earliest Pigeon Fanciers.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 5971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, Wenyuan. 2004. Risk Assessment of Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhou, Shaohua Kevin. 2006. Unconstrained Face Recognition. Edited by Rama Chellappa and Wenyi Zhao. Vol. 5. International Series on Biometrics. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Emsley, Jason G., and Jeffrey D. Macklis. 2006. “Responses of the Adult SVZ to Neuronal Death and Injury.” In Mammalian Subventricular Zones: Their Roles in Brain Development, Cell Replacement and Disease, edited by Steven W. Levison, 159–184. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anthropology & Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “EU Report States More Should Be Done Against Impact Of Extreme Space Weather.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen. GAO-15-370. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, Antoni Bert. 2008. “Beyond Dynamic Textures: A Family of Stochastic Dynamical Models for Video with Applications to Computer Vision.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2002. “World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Europe Mission Chief Departs.” New York Times, June 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petsko 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Petsko 2010; Cisek and Kalaska 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cisek and Kalaska 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Li, and Sheng 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Blasco et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnthropology & Medicine
AbbreviationAnthropol. Med.
ISSN (print)1364-8470
ISSN (online)1469-2910
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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