How to format your references using the Anthropology & Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anthropology & Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duffy, Meghan A. 2014. “Epidemiology. It Helps to Be Well Connected.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6189): 1229–1230.
A journal article with 2 authors
Witt, Christopher C., and Robb T. Brumfield. 2004. “Comment on ‘Molecular Phylogenies Link Rates of Evolution and Speciation’ (I).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5655): 173; author reply 173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaudelli, Nicole M., Darcie H. Long, and Craig A. Townsend. 2015. “β-Lactam Formation by a Non-Ribosomal Peptide Synthetase during Antibiotic Biosynthesis.” Nature 520 (7547): 383–387.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, Zhe, Chuanming Zhou, Shuhai Xiao, Wei Wang, Chengguo Guan, Hong Hua, and Xunlai Yuan. 2014. “New Ediacara Fossils Preserved in Marine Limestone and Their Ecological Implications.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, J. 2008. Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Hu, Xiaodong, and Jie Wang, eds. 2008. Computing and Combinatorics: 14th Annual International Conference, COCOON 2008 Dalian, China, June 27-29, 2008 Proceedings. Vol. 5092. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruns, Daniel, and Pamela A. Warren. 2011. “Assessment of Psychosocial Contributions to Disability.” In Behavioral Health Disability: Innovations in Prevention and Management, edited by Pamela A. Warren, 73–104. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anthropology & Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “‘There’s a Problem With My What?’: How Genes Get Their Names.” IFLScience. IFLScience.“there’s-problem-my-what”-how-genes-get-their-names/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Survey at the Regional Finance and Data Processing Center in Paris, France. 102796. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, Kevin. 2017. “Easing Stress by Helping Others: How Corporate Volunteer Programs Impact the Stress of Employees Within an Organization.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Nothing Up His Sleeve, but on It.” New York Times, May 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duffy 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Duffy 2014; Witt and Brumfield 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Witt and Brumfield 2004)
  • Three authors: (Gaudelli, Long, and Townsend 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnthropology & Medicine
AbbreviationAnthropol. Med.
ISSN (print)1364-8470
ISSN (online)1469-2910
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles