How to format your references using the Anthropology & Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anthropology & Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greensfelder, L. 2000. “INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Polio Outbreak Raises Questions About Vaccine.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 290 (5498): 1867b–1869b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiani, Roozbeh, and Michael N. Shadlen. 2009. “Representation of Confidence Associated with a Decision by Neurons in the Parietal Cortex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5928): 759–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kayukawa, Takumi, Ken Tateishi, and Tetsuro Shinoda. 2013. “Establishment of a Versatile Cell Line for Juvenile Hormone Signaling Analysis in Tribolium Castaneum.” Scientific Reports 3: 1570.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huang, Feifei, Xueqiang Liu, Lili Hu, and Danping Chen. 2014. “Spectroscopic Properties and Energy Transfer Parameters of Er3+-Doped Fluorozirconate and Oxyfluoroaluminate Glasses.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 5053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ray Chaudhuri, Nilanjan, Balarko Chaudhuri, Rajat Majumder, and Amirnaser Yazdani. 2014. Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Furuta, Katsuhisa, and Jun Ishikawa, eds. 2009. Anti-Personnel Landmine Detection for Humanitarian Demining: The Current Situation and Future Direction for Japanese Research and Development. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Axelsen, Holger Bock, Robert Glück, and Robin Kaarsgaard. 2016. “A Classical Propositional Logic for Reasoning About Reversible Logic Circuits.” In Logic, Language, Information, and Computation: 23rd International Workshop, WoLLIC 2016, Puebla, Mexico, August 16-19th, 2016. Proceedings, edited by Jouko Väänänen, Åsa Hirvonen, and Ruy de Queiroz, 52–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anthropology & Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why Does New York Have The Best Bagels?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Business Modernization: NASA’s Challenges in Managing Its Integrated Financial Management Program. GAO-04-255. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamanna, Scott G. 2012. “Colombian Spanish in North Carolina: The Role of Language and Dialect Contact in the Formation of a New Variety of U.S. Spanish.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitsantonis, Niki. 2017. “Debt Relief, With Pain, Is on the Way For Greece.” New York Times, May 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greensfelder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Greensfelder 2000; Kiani and Shadlen 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiani and Shadlen 2009)
  • Three authors: (Kayukawa, Tateishi, and Shinoda 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Huang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnthropology & Medicine
AbbreviationAnthropol. Med.
ISSN (print)1364-8470
ISSN (online)1469-2910
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles