How to format your references using the Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shore B. 2002. Obituary: Sir Raymond Firth (1901-2002). Nature. 416(6879):384
A journal article with 2 authors
Klausner R, Alonso P. 2004. An attack on all fronts. Nature. 430(7002):930–31
A journal article with 3 authors
Driscoll R, Hudson A, Jackson SP. 2007. Yeast Rtt109 promotes genome stability by acetylating histone H3 on lysine 56. Science. 315(5812):649–52
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ye J, He W, Wu Q, Liu H-L, Zhang X-Q, et al. 2013. Determination of magnetic anisotropy constants in Fe ultrathin film on vicinal Si(111) by anisotropic magnetoresistance. Sci. Rep. 3:2148

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuels S. 2011. Reading the American Novel 1780-1865. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Krishnan SPT. 2015. Building Your Next Big Thing with Google Cloud Platform: A Guide for Developers and Enterprise Architects. Berkeley, CA: Apress. XXII, 396 p. 26 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouzon M, Govindan K. 2015. Reverse Logistics as a Sustainable Supply Chain Practice for the Fashion Industry: An Analysis of Drivers and the Brazilian Case. In Sustainable Fashion Supply Chain Management: From Sourcing to Retailing, ed T-M Choi, TCE Cheng, pp. 85–104. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Mutilated Child Skeletons Hint At Human Sacrifice In Pre-Columbian Peru. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Telling America’s Story to the World--Problems and Issues. B-118654, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie LJ. 2013. Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. It’s Not Their Party, but They’ll Still Take Levy. New York Times, June 3, p. LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1553-4006
ISSN (online)1553-4014
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles