How to format your references using the Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary DC. 2008. Quantum dynamics of chemical reactions. Science. 321(5890):789–91
A journal article with 2 authors
Hernanz M, Sala G. 2002. A classical nova, V2487 Oph 1998, seen in x-rays before and after its explosion. Science. 298(5592):393–95
A journal article with 3 authors
Marsh AG, Maxson RE Jr, Manahan DT. 2001. High macromolecular synthesis with low metabolic cost in Antarctic sea urchin embryos. Science. 291(5510):1950–52
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jennerjahn TC, Ittekkot V, Arz HW, Behling H, Pätzold J, Wefer G. 2004. Asynchronous terrestrial and marine signals of climate change during Heinrich events. Science. 306(5705):2236–39

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shanmugam R, Chattamvelli R. 2015. Statistics for Scientists and Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Rubin A. 2014. Mathematical Biophysics. Boston, MA: Springer US. XV, 273 p. 150 illus., 43 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Crabtree A, Rouncefield M, Tolmie P. 2012. Finding the Animal in the Foliage. In Doing Design Ethnography, ed M Rouncefield, P Tolmie, pp. 43–66. London: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. Police Seize Over 3 Tons Of Pangolin Scales In Giant Haul In Thailand. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Education and Employment Issue Area--Active Assignments. AA-97-13(1), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson B. 2009. Scale effects and the determinants of parcel subdivision: A discrete -time hazard analysis. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Crow K. 2003. Some Koreans Give Their Teachers the Whole Apple Tree .. New York Times, May 18, p. 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1553-4006
ISSN (online)1553-4014
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles