How to format your references using the Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marec F: Developmental genetics: Female silkworms have the sex factor. Nature 2014;509:570–571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badzey RL, Mohanty P: Coherent signal amplification in bistable nanomechanical oscillators by stochastic resonance. Nature 2005;437:995–998.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harker DE, Woodward CE, Wooden DH: The dust grains from 9P/Tempel 1 before and after the encounter with Deep Impact. Science 2005;310:278–280.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li S, Ting NS, Zheng L, Chen PL, Ziv Y, Shiloh Y, et al.: Functional link of BRCA1 and ataxia telangiectasia gene product in DNA damage response. Nature 2000;406:210–215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niemi V, Nyberg K: Universal Mobile Telecommunications System Security. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Wall T: Slavoj Žižek: A Žižekian Gaze at Education. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hämmerli M: Orthodox Church(es) Stepping out of the Orthodox Heartland; in Snyder S, Ralston J, Brazal AM (eds): Church in an Age of Global Migration: A Moving Body. New York, NY, Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016, pp 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism.

Blog post
Luntz S: Leaded Gasoline Exposure Is Everything We Feared. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters A: The mark of gender: Depicting power and the female body in colonial Peru 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Etheredge P by G: Voyeur | Christmas Trees. New York Times 2016;RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nutrition & Metabolism
AbbreviationAnn. Nutr. Metab.
ISSN (print)0250-6807
ISSN (online)1421-9697
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles