How to format your references using the Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Kargel JS. Planetary science. Proof for water, hints of life? Science. 2004 Dec;306(5702):1689–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Gratzer W, Nathan DG. Obituary: Fred S. Rosen (1930-2005). Nature. 2005 Jun;435(7045):1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Roberts RB, Ser JR, Kocher TD. Sexual conflict resolved by invasion of a novel sex determiner in Lake Malawi cichlid fishes. Science. 2009 Nov;326(5955):998–1001.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Devarapalli RR, Debgupta J, Pillai VK, Shelke MV. C@SiNW/TiO2 core-shell nanoarrays with sandwiched carbon passivation layer as high efficiency photoelectrode for water splitting. Sci Rep. 2014 May;4:4897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Choi N-E, Han JH. How Flavor Works. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1
Surman CBH, editor. ADHD in Adults: A Practical Guide to Evaluation and Management. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
De Haes S, Van Grembergen W. IT-Enabled Value. In: Van Grembergen W, editor. Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Alignment and Value, Featuring COBIT 5. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015; pp 71–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Madagascar’s Unique ‘Spiny Forest’ Is Fast Being Turned Into Charcoal [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/madagascar-s-unique-spiny-forest-fast-being-turned-charcoal/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. The National Aero-Space Plane. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Austin JH. Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hirshman L. Where Are the New Jobs for Women? New York Times. 2008 Dec;A35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nutrition & Metabolism
AbbreviationAnn. Nutr. Metab.
ISSN (print)0250-6807
ISSN (online)1421-9697
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles