How to format your references using the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk J. Astronomy. A journey through time. Science. 2006;313(5789):925-926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smyth MJ, Kershaw MH. Immunology. The adjuvant effects of antibodies. Science. 2011;333(6045):944-945.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shubin N, Tabin C, Carroll S. Deep homology and the origins of evolutionary novelty. Nature. 2009;457(7231):818-823.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nagahara N, Nagano M, Ito T, Shimamura K, Akimoto T, Suzuki H. Antioxidant enzyme, 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase-knockout mice exhibit increased anxiety-like behaviors: a model for human mercaptolactate-cysteine disulfiduria. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu M. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Blankenship J. Pro Agile .NET Development with Scrum. (Bussa M, Millett S, eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Tran P, Friend R, MacClune K, Henceroth J. Building Urban Climate Resilience: Experiences from Vulnerability Assessment in Hue City, Viet Nam. In: Uitto JI, Shaw R, eds. Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction. Disaster Risk Reduction. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016:57-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Blog post
Fang J. Underwater DNA Reveals that Wheat Arrived 2,000 Years Before Agriculture in Britain. IFLScience. Published March 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forshey TM. Neural basis of the neurological diagnostic power of vibrotactile sensory testing. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Rule on Retroactivity of Decisions. New York Times. February 21, 2008:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
AbbreviationAnn. Allergy Asthma Immunol.
ISSN (print)1081-1206
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles