How to format your references using the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singh Chawla D. “Living figures” make their debut. Nature. 2015;521(7550):112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahmed WW, Saif TA. Active transport of vesicles in neurons is modulated by mechanical tension. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dornelas M, Connolly SR, Hughes TP. Coral reef diversity refutes the neutral theory of biodiversity. Nature. 2006;440(7080):80-82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wartewig T, Kurgyis Z, Keppler S, et al. Erratum: PD-1 is a haploinsufficient suppressor of T cell lymphomagenesis. Nature. 2018;553(7687):238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolini L, Elsener B, Pedeferri P, Polder RB. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2003.
An edited book
Simjee S, ed. Foodborne Diseases. Humana Press; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang DWD. The Urban Village of Huanggang: A Successful Communal Model? In: Cheng Z, Wang M, Chen J, eds. Urban China in the New Era: Market Reforms, Current State, and the Road Forward. Springer; 2014:63-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can Crows Be Trained To Pick Up Litter? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Error in the Pell Grant Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeSpain L. The relationship between police supervisor training and job satisfaction levels as reported by patrol officers. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. Aiming at Trump, Onstage. New York Times. May 1, 2017:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
AbbreviationAnn. Allergy Asthma Immunol.
ISSN (print)1081-1206
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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