How to format your references using the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giardini D. Geothermal quake risks must be faced. Nature. 2009;462(7275):848-849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen M, Yan X. Comment on “Grain boundary-mediated plasticity in nanocrystalline nickel.” Science. 2005;308(5720):356; author reply 356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng S, Jacobsen SE, Reik W. Epigenetic reprogramming in plant and animal development. Science. 2010;330(6004):622-627.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Madueno R, Räisänen MT, Silien C, Buck M. Functionalizing hydrogen-bonded surface networks with self-assembled monolayers. Nature. 2008;454(7204):618-621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce DR. Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Coleman PT. Morton Deutsch: Major Texts on Peace Psychology. Vol 31. (Deutsch M, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Losoncz A. Spiritual Motivation in Management. In: Zsolnai L, ed. Spirituality and Ethics in Management. Issues in Business Ethics. Springer Netherlands; 2011:75-94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E. India’s Rocket Mission Cheaper Than The Movie Gravity. IFLScience. Published July 1, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Costs Reported by Federal Organizations for Fiscal Year 1995. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke K. Big Five personality traits and astrology: The relationship between the Moon variable and the NEO PI-R. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Some Gifts Go in the Closet. These Go on the Block. New York Times. May 12, 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
AbbreviationAnn. Allergy Asthma Immunol.
ISSN (print)1081-1206
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles