How to format your references using the ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arnold, F.H.: Combinatorial and computational challenges for biocatalyst design. Nature. 409, 253–257 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Reddy, G.V., Meyerowitz, E.M.: Stem-cell homeostasis and growth dynamics can be uncoupled in the Arabidopsis shoot apex. Science. 310, 663–667 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Newhall, C.G., Power, J.A., Punongbayan, R.S.: Pinatubo eruption. “To make grow.” Science. 295, 1241–1242 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kazmierczak, P., Sakaguchi, H., Tokita, J., Wilson-Kubalek, E.M., Milligan, R.A., Müller, U., Kachar, B.: Cadherin 23 and protocadherin 15 interact to form tip-link filaments in sensory hair cells. Nature. 449, 87–91 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakshi, A.B., Prasanna, V.K.: Architecture-Independent Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2007)
An edited book
Baldoni, M., Son, T.C., Riemsdijk, M.B. van, Winikoff, M. eds: Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies VI: 6th International Workshop, DALT 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 12, 2008, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Schneider, L., Bach, V., Finkbeiner, M.: LCA Perspectives for Resource Efficiency Assessment. In: Finkbeiner, M. (ed.) Special Types of Life Cycle Assessment. pp. 179–218. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Wolf Howling,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Electronic Government: Government Paperwork Elimination Act Presents Challenges for Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi, M.: Interrater reliability between novice and expert functional movement screen raters, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: 911 Call Is Held as Evidence If Victim Cannot Testify, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

AbbreviationAnn. Univ. FERRARA
ISSN (print)0430-3202
ISSN (online)1827-1510
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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