How to format your references using the ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahlberg, P.E.: Comment on “The early evolution of the tetrapod humerus.” Science. 305, 1715; author reply 1715 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Shank, S.S., Margoliash, D.: Sleep and sensorimotor integration during early vocal learning in a songbird. Nature. 458, 73–77 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Karner, M.B., DeLong, E.F., Karl, D.M.: Archaeal dominance in the mesopelagic zone of the Pacific Ocean. Nature. 409, 507–510 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vacic, V., McCarthy, S., Malhotra, D., Murray, F., Chou, H.-H., Peoples, A., Makarov, V., Yoon, S., Bhandari, A., Corominas, R., Iakoucheva, L.M., Krastoshevsky, O., Krause, V., Larach-Walters, V., Welsh, D.K., Craig, D., Kelsoe, J.R., Gershon, E.S., Leal, S.M., Dell Aquila, M., Morris, D.W., Gill, M., Corvin, A., Insel, P.A., McClellan, J., King, M.-C., Karayiorgou, M., Levy, D.L., DeLisi, L.E., Sebat, J.: Duplications of the neuropeptide receptor gene VIPR2 confer significant risk for schizophrenia. Nature. 471, 499–503 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooker, J.: Logic-Based Methods for Optimization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2000)
An edited book
Leonard, T., Willis, P. eds: Pedagogies of the Imagination: Mythopoetic Curriculum in Educational Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Belonax, J.J., Bellizzi, J.A.: Demand Characteristics as Determinants of Behavior: An Unconscious Effect. In: Bellur, V.V. (ed.) The 1980’s: A Decade of Marketing Challenges: Proceedings of the 1981 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. pp. 20–23. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Snails Can Make Decisions Using Just Two Brain Cells,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Student Mentoring Programs: Education’s Monitoring and Information Sharing Could Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2004)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsai, C.-N.: A simulation study of hierarchical wireless sensor networks, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: ‘Madman’ On Mound, Coolheaded Off the Field, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

AbbreviationAnn. Univ. FERRARA
ISSN (print)0430-3202
ISSN (online)1827-1510
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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