How to format your references using the ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, J.: RNA interference: the silent treatment. Nature. 431, 599–605 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Skubi, K.L., Yoon, T.P.: Organic chemistry: Shape control in reactions with light. Nature. 515, 45–46 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yumoto, N., Kim, N., Burden, S.J.: Lrp4 is a retrograde signal for presynaptic differentiation at neuromuscular synapses. Nature. 489, 438–442 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zadnik, K., Jones, L.A., Irvin, B.C., Kleinstein, R.N., Manny, R.E., Shin, J.A., Mutti, D.O.: Myopia and ambient night-time lighting. CLEERE Study Group. Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Ethnicity and Refractive Error. Nature. 404, 143–144 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segura, J., Hawkins, C.F.: CMOS Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Simovici, D.A.: Mathematical Tools for Data Mining: Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics. Springer, London (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Tuniz, C., Tiberi Vipraio, P.: The Apes and Us. In: Tiberi Vipraio, P. (ed.) Humans: An Unauthorized Biography. pp. 23–28. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ANNALI DELL'UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Is Venus Still Erupting?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Further Progress Needed to Ensure an Effective National Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz, J.A.: New graduate nurses’ experiences of what accounts for their lack of professional confidence during their first year of practice, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D., de la MERCED, M.J.: Torch Passes At Carlyle As a Titan Steps Aside, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

AbbreviationAnn. Univ. FERRARA
ISSN (print)0430-3202
ISSN (online)1827-1510
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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