How to format your references using the Annales mathématiques du Québec citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales mathématiques du Québec. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bers, D.M.: Cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. Nature. 415, 198–205 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke, C.F., Allan, C.M.: Biochemistry: Unexpected role for vitamin B2. Nature. 522, 427–428 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
King, J.-R., Bekinschtein, T., Dehaene, S.: Comment on “Preserved feedforward but impaired top-down processes in the vegetative state.” Science. 334, 1203; author reply 1203 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roy Chowdhury, R., Vallania, F., Yang, Q., Lopez Angel, C.J., Darboe, F., Penn-Nicholson, A., Rozot, V., Nemes, E., Malherbe, S.T., Ronacher, K., Walzl, G., Hanekom, W., Davis, M.M., Winter, J., Chen, X., Scriba, T.J., Khatri, P., Chien, Y.-H.: A multi-cohort study of the immune factors associated with M. tuberculosis infection outcomes. Nature. 560, 644–648 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kusumoto, F.: Understanding Intracardiac EGMs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015)
An edited book
Matsuda, K.: Advanced Energy Saving and its Applications in Industry. Springer, London (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Gwathmey, F.W., Byrd, J.W.T.: Hip Pathology That Can Cause Groin Pain in Athletes: Diagnosis and Management. In: Diduch, D.R. and Brunt, L.M. (eds.) Sports Hernia and Athletic Pubalgia: Diagnosis and Treatment. pp. 31–54. Springer US, Boston, MA (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales mathématiques du Québec.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Scientists Retract Paper That Said Being Sad Makes It Harder To See Colors,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Purchase and Preparation of Television Commercials by the Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1977)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M.: Weaving Into the Glimmer, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: Bills to Empower Puerto Rico to Shed Debt Face Likely G.O.P. Opposition, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales mathématiques du Québec
ISSN (print)2195-4755
ISSN (online)2195-4763

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