How to format your references using the Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shimono M. Non-uniformity of cell density and networks in the monkey brain. Sci Rep 2013;3:2541.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kreft H, Jetz W. Comment on “An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world.” Science 2013;341:343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bao H, Lyons JR, Zhou C. Triple oxygen isotope evidence for elevated CO2 levels after a Neoproterozoic glaciation. Nature 2008;453:504–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jin H, Rhim SH, Im J, Freeman AJ. Topological oxide insulator in cubic perovskite structure. Sci Rep 2013;3:1651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Spiegeleer J, Schoutens W, Van Hulle C. The Handbook of Hybrid Securities. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Heidrich J, Oivo M, Jedlitschka A, Baldassarre MT, editors. Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 14th International Conference, PROFES 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, June 12-14, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7983. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Jansen C, Göbe F, Noll T. Generating Inductive Predicates for Symbolic Execution of Pointer-Manipulating Programs. In: Giese H, König B, editors. Graph Transformation: 7th International Conference, ICGT 2014, Held as Part of STAF 2014, York, UK, July 22-24, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale.

Blog post
Fang J. A Single Kiss Can Transfer 80 Million Bacteria. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded Research at Institutions of Higher Education, an E-supplement to GAO-04-31. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Connelly J. A tradition of excellence transitions to the 21 st century: Hungarian mathematics education, 1988-2008. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Opens Campaign Law to Challenges. New York Times 2006:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale
ISSN (print)1879-7261

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