How to format your references using the Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D. World view: A tale of two sciences. Nature 2009;462:566.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clubb R, Mason G. Animal welfare: captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivores. Nature 2003;425:473–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rougier GW, Apesteguía S, Gaetano LC. Highly specialized mammalian skulls from the Late Cretaceous of South America. Nature 2011;479:98–102.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jackson M, Song W, Liu MY, Jin L, Dykes-Hoberg M, Lin CI, et al. Modulation of the neuronal glutamate transporter EAAT4 by two interacting proteins. Nature 2001;410:89–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vanclef J. The Wealth Code 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Yamamura N, Fujita N, Maekawa A, editors. The Mongolian Ecosystem Network: Environmental Issues Under Climate and Social Changes. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández de Cañete J, Galindo C, Moral IG. System Response Analysis. In: Galindo C, Moral IG, editors. System Engineering and Automation: An Interactive Educational Approach, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 85–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale.

Blog post
Andrew E. Experts Raise Eyebrows Over Meteoritic Origin Of Nicaraguan Crater. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu H. Parasitism of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae: Termitidae) by entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Steinernematidae: Heterorhabditidae). Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Peters JW. Diverse Group of Rookie Moderators Is Chosen for the Presidential Debates. New York Times 2016:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale
ISSN (print)1879-7261

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