How to format your references using the Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alesina A. Economics. Women, fertility, and the rise of modern capitalism. Science 2013;342:427–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu PJ, Steinhardt PJ. Decagonal and quasi-crystalline tilings in medieval Islamic architecture. Science 2007;315:1106–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sokolov S, Scheuer T, Catterall WA. Gating pore current in an inherited ion channelopathy. Nature 2007;446:76–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu X, Yan Z, Wu W, Zeng W, Du Y, Zhong Y, et al. Manipulating size of Li3V2(PO4)3 with reduced graphene oxide: towards high-performance composite cathode for lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 2014;4:5768.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare DM. Electric Power Generation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
MacNeill S, editor. The Eukaryotic Replisome: a Guide to Protein Structure and Function. vol. 62. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Bricault PG, Ames F, Dombsky M, Kunz P, Lassen J. Rare isotope beams at ISAC—target & ion source systems. In: Dilling J, Krücken R, Merminga L, editors. ISAC and ARIEL: The TRIUMF Radioactive Beam Facilities and the Scientific Program, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 25–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale.

Blog post
Hale T. Motorcyclists Appear To Come Across A “Tribesman” In Indonesian Forest. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Race to the Top: Characteristics of Grantees’ Amended Programs and Education’s Review Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puebla RA. The avant-garde tuba: Analysis and comparisons of interpretations of William Kraft’s Encounters II for unaccompanied tuba. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Syndergaard Has to Take Mets’ Offer. New York Times 2017:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales françaises d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de pathologie cervico-faciale
ISSN (print)1879-7261

Other styles