How to format your references using the Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nayar A. Earth science: A lakeful of trouble. Nature 2009;460:321–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tenopir C, King DW. Lessons for the future of journals. Nature 2001;413:672–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng B, Zhang RQ, Shi XQ. New insight into the spin-conserving excitation of the negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond. Sci Rep 2014;4:5144.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Martinez E, Antoine D, D’Ortenzio F, Gentili B. Climate-driven basin-scale decadal oscillations of oceanic phytoplankton. Science 2009;326:1253–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collings S. Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Albeverio S, Blanchard P, editors. Direction of Time. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Mcgee JM. An Observational Study of Teachers’ Affilliation and Control Behaviours towards Kindergarten Children. In: Brok PD, Tartwijk J van, Levy J, editors. Interpersonal Relationships in Education: An Overview of Contemporary Research, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012, p. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation.

Blog post
Andrew E. Here’s What You Need To Know About Protein Supplements. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research: Progress Has Been Made but Several Factors Will Affect Program Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eller LS. Social media as avenue for personal learning for educators: Personal learning networks encourage application of knowledge and skills. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. Voyeur: Construction Portholes. New York Times 2017:RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation
AbbreviationAnn. Fr. Anesth. Reanim.
ISSN (print)0750-7658
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles