How to format your references using the Annales de Paléontologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales de Paléontologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fujita, T., 2006. Virology. Sensing viral RNA amid your own. Science 314, 935–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miles, L., Kapos, V., 2008. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation: global land-use implications. Science 320, 1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allesina, S., Alonso, D., Pascual, M., 2008. A general model for food web structure. Science 320, 658–661.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boyer, D., Tamarat, P., Maali, A., Lounis, B., Orrit, M., 2002. Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers. Science 297, 1160–1163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minns, P., Elliott, I., 2008. FSM-Based Digital Design Using Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Appice, A., 2014. Data Mining Techniques in Sensor Networks: Summarization, Interpolation and Surveillance, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Haroske, D.D., 2012. Dichotomy in Muckenhoupt Weighted Function Space: A Fractal Example, in: Brown, B.M., Lang, J., Wood, I.G. (Eds.), Spectral Theory, Function Spaces and Inequalities: New Techniques and Recent Trends. Springer, Basel, pp. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales de Paléontologie.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Mysterious Substances Observed In Europa’s Cracks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Principles and Practices of Auditing in the ADP Systems Environment (No. 091019). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dylla, A.G., 2009. Synthesis, characterization and catalytic studies of bimetallic nanoparticles (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley, M., 2017. Can There Be Nothing Good to Say? New York Times SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fujita, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fujita, 2006; Miles and Kapos, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miles and Kapos, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Boyer et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales de Paléontologie
AbbreviationAnn. Paleontol.
ISSN (print)0753-3969

Other styles