How to format your references using the Anesthésie & Réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anesthésie & Réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marcus PS. Prediction of a global climate change on Jupiter. Nature 2004;428:828–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Latch DE, McNeill K. Microheterogeneity of singlet oxygen distributions in irradiated humic acid solutions. Science 2006;311:1743–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berton O, Hahn C-G, Thase ME. Are we getting closer to valid translational models for major depression? Science 2012;338:75–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lasorella A, Stegmüller J, Guardavaccaro D, Liu G, Carro MS, Rothschild G, et al. Degradation of Id2 by the anaphase-promoting complex couples cell cycle exit and axonal growth. Nature 2006;442:471–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hermans J, Lentz B. Equilibria and Kinetics of Biological Macromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Gu D-W. Robust Control Design with MATLAB®. 2nd ed. 2013. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Perello M, Raingo J. Central Ghrelin Receptors and Food Intake. In: Portelli J, Smolders I, editors. Central Functions of the Ghrelin Receptor, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 65–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anesthésie & Réanimation.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can Trees Really Change Sex? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety Research and Development--Better Management Can Make It More Useful. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Equihua D. The relationship of mental health and family factors to parental involvement in their children’s education among Latina mothers. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Federer Beats Wawrinka, and His Own Aging Body, to Reach Final. New York Times 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnesthésie & Réanimation
ISSN (print)2352-5800

Other styles