How to format your references using the Anesthésie & Réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anesthésie & Réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arns M. Open access is tiring out peer reviewers. Nature 2014;515:467.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toner DLK, Grima R. Effects of bursty protein production on the noisy oscillatory properties of downstream pathways. Sci Rep 2013;3:2438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bewley GP, Lathrop DP, Sreenivasan KR. Superfluid helium: visualization of quantized vortices. Nature 2006;441:588.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsai WL, Hsu PC, Hwu Y, Chen CH, Chang LW, Je JH, et al. Electrochemistry: building on bubbles in metal electrodeposition. Nature 2002;417:139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore RG, Garland A. Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Krüger J, Nickolay B, Gaycken S, editors. The Secure Information Society: Ethical, Legal and Political Challenges. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Neurath O. War Economy. In: Cohen RS, editor. Otto Neurath Economic Writings Selections 1904–1945, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 153–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anesthésie & Réanimation.

Blog post
Hale T. You Can Now Take A Driverless Uber In The US. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barham OM. Microfabricated Bulk Piezoelectric Transformers. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Minarets and Onion Domes. New York Times 2008:TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnesthésie & Réanimation
ISSN (print)2352-5800

Other styles