How to format your references using the Anesthésie & Réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anesthésie & Réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoal E. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Famine in the presence of the genomic data feast. Science 2011;331:874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka M, Lisberger SG. Regulation of the gain of visually guided smooth-pursuit eye movements by frontal cortex. Nature 2001;409:191–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Copley A, Avouac J-P, Wernicke BP. Evidence for mechanical coupling and strong Indian lower crust beneath southern Tibet. Nature 2011;472:79–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee S-H, Choi J-H, Lee N, Lee H-R, Kim J-I, Yu N-K, et al. Synaptic protein degradation underlies destabilization of retrieved fear memory. Science 2008;319:1253–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McDonnell G, Sheard D. A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Otto F, Lutz MP, editors. Early Gastrointestinal Cancers II: Rectal Cancer. vol. 203. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Sucaet Y, Waelput W. Image Analysis. In: Waelput W, editor. Digital Pathology, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anesthésie & Réanimation.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch A Cheetah Robot Jump Over Hurdles Without Slowing Down. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Competition, Capacity, and Costs in the Fixed Satellite Services Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stachowiak D. How executive coaches use the results of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to develop their coachees. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Paulson M. Bernadette Peters To Join ‘Hello, Dolly!’ New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnesthésie & Réanimation
ISSN (print)2352-5800

Other styles