How to format your references using the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jansen LET. Genetics. Sowing the seeds of centromeres. Science. 2012 Jan 20;335(6066):299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gleich B, Weizenecker J. Tomographic imaging using the nonlinear response of magnetic particles. Nature. 2005 Jun 30;435(7046):1214–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler SJ, Vickery JA, Norris K. Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture. Science. 2007 Jan 19;315(5810):381–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schönbächler M, Rehkämper M, Halliday AN, Lee D-C, Bourot-Denise M, Zanda B, et al. Niobium-zirconium chronometry and early solar system development. Science. 2002 Mar 1;295(5560):1705–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon A, Hernandez S. The Official (ISC) 2® Guide to the SSCP 2® CBK 2®. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Müller B, editor. German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy 2010: Urban Regional Resilience: How Do Cities and Regions Deal with Change? Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XIV, 166 p. (German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy).
A chapter in an edited book
Rohan JF, Thompson D. Frontiers of Cu Electrodeposition and Electroless Plating for On-chip Interconnects. In: Kondo K, Akolkar RN, Barkey DP, Yokoi M, editors. Copper Electrodeposition for Nanofabrication of Electronics Devices. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 99–113. (Nanostructure Science and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Fang J. There’s a Cyanide Cloud Hovering Over Titan, and It’s Big and Cold [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 May. Report No.: NSIAD-00-74.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maloney JL. Analyzing Students’ Personal Characteristics to Determine Study Outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belo J. The Sanitation Worker’s Plight. New York Times. 2017 Apr 20;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
AbbreviationAm. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)0002-9378
ISSN (online)1097-6868
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles