How to format your references using the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes EC. Virology. 1918 and all that. Science. 2004;303(5665):1787-1788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trent JM, Touchman JW. Cancer. The gene topography of cancer. Science. 2007;318(5853):1079-1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spracklen DV, Arnold SR, Taylor CM. Observations of increased tropical rainfall preceded by air passage over forests. Nature. 2012;489(7415):282-285.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Srinivas N, Jetter P, Ueberbacher BJ, et al. Peptidomimetic antibiotics target outer-membrane biogenesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Science. 2010;327(5968):1010-1013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoker JJ. Differential Geometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1988.
An edited book
Lu T. Vibro-Acoustics of Lightweight Sandwich Structures. (Xin F, ed.). Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Tuschmann W. Collapsing and Almost Nonnegative Curvature. In: Bär C, Lohkamp J, Schwarz M, eds. Global Differential Geometry. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics. Springer; 2012:93-106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Davis J. Soccer Players May Be At Risk Of Dementia From Repeatedly Heading The Ball. IFLScience. Published February 15, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bardhoshi G. The Relationship Between Assignment of Non-Counseling Duties and Burnout Among Professional School Counselors. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Springsteen’s Archives: (Where Else?) In Jersey. New York Times. January 11, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
AbbreviationAm. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)0002-9378
ISSN (online)1097-6868
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles