How to format your references using the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palme H. Planetary science. The giant impact formation of the Moon. Science. 2004 May 14;304(5673):977–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oncescu V, Erickson D. High volumetric power density, non-enzymatic, glucose fuel cells. Sci Rep. 2013 Feb 6;3:1226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Margulies L, Winther G, Poulsen HF. In situ measurement of grain rotation during deformation of polycrystals. Science. 2001 Mar 23;291(5512):2392–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou X-J, Qi Y-Y, Hou P, Lv J-C, Shi S-F, Liu L-J, et al. Cumulative effects of variants identified by genome-wide association studies in IgA nephropathy. Sci Rep. 2014 May 9;4:4904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman RJ. Simple Tools and Techniques for Enterprise Risk Management. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Nava S. Ventilazione meccanica non invasiva: Come, quando e perché. Fanfulla F, editor. Milano: Springer; 2010. XX, 260 p. 50 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Lefebvre C, Lim WK, Basso K, Favera RD, Califano A. A Context-Specific Network of Protein-DNA and Protein-Protein Interactions Reveals New Regulatory Motifs in Human B Cells. In: Ideker T, Bafna V, editors. Systems Biology and Computational Proteomics: Joint RECOMB 2006 Satellite Workshops on Systems Biology and on Computational Proteomics, San Diego, CA, USA, December 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 42–56. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Mysterious Lake Appears In The Middle Of The Desert Without Explanation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Challenges in Attracting International Students to the United States and Implications for Global Competitiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jun. Report No.: GAO-07-1047T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos E. Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. Overseas, the Shock of the Surcharge. New York Times. 2006 Feb 19;56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
AbbreviationAm. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)0002-9378
ISSN (online)1097-6868
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles