How to format your references using the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dewandre N. Women in science. European strategies for promoting women in science. Science. 2002;295(5553):278-279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flowers RM, Farley KA. Apatite 4He/3He and (U-Th)/He evidence for an ancient Grand Canyon. Science. 2012;338(6114):1616-1619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mashchenko S, Couchman HMP, Wadsley J. The removal of cusps from galaxy centres by stellar feedback in the early Universe. Nature. 2006;442(7102):539-542.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zha S, Guo C, Boboila C, et al. ATM damage response and XLF repair factor are functionally redundant in joining DNA breaks. Nature. 2011;469(7329):250-254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh JH, Castet J-F. Spacecraft Reliability and Multi-State Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Tan K-Y, ed. Colorectal Cancer in the Elderly. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi B. Sino-US Strategic Convergence and Divergence in East Asia. In: Arase D, ed. China’s Rise and Changing Order in East Asia. Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:63-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Andrew D. New Footage Surfaces Of One Of The Largest Great White Sharks Ever Recorded. IFLScience. Published August 12, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Subcontract Estimate For E-2c Passive Detection Systems in Prime Contract With Grumman Aerospace Corporation. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nadeau EM. Baby Boomer Generation’s Knowledge of Alzheimer’s Disease. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J. Looking Beyond Silicon to Squeeze More Out of Chips. New York Times. October 31, 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
AbbreviationAm. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)0002-9378
ISSN (online)1097-6868
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles