How to format your references using the American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman MR. Specification and morphogenesis of astrocytes. Science. 2010;330(6005):774-778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sazanov LA, Hinchliffe P. Structure of the hydrophilic domain of respiratory complex I from Thermus thermophilus. Science. 2006;311(5766):1430-1436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen UU, Chazdon RL, Holsinger KE. Genetic consequences of tropical second-growth forest regeneration. Science. 2005;307(5711):891.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao W, Ye L, Zhang S, Fan B, Sun M, Hou J. Ultrathin polyaniline-based buffer layer for highly efficient polymer solar cells with wide applicability. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6570.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attoh-Okine NO. Big Data and Differential Privacy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Jakovác A. Resummation and Renormalization in Effective Theories of Particle Physics. Vol 912. 1st ed. 2016. (Patkós A, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Tay K-H, Apostolakis S, Lane DA, Lip GYH. Hemorrhage Risks, Patient Perspectives, and Quality-of-Life Issues. In: Lip GYH, Shantsila E, eds. Handbook of Oral Anticoagulation. Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2013:41-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Makes The Spring Equinox? IFLScience. Published March 23, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Elementary School Children: Many Change Schools Frequently, Harming Their Education. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stitt CR. Differences in theoretical constructs of processing health information in narrative entertainment television messages. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hyduk J. Looking to Take a City Where Grubb and Speed Never Did. New York Times. October 25, 2016:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias
AbbreviationAm. J. Alzheimers. Dis. Other Demen.
ISSN (print)1533-3175
ISSN (online)1938-2731
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles