How to format your references using the American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triplett W. NASA pins hopes on bigger, costlier mission to Mars. Nature. 2000;406(6797):666.
A journal article with 2 authors
Straus SE, Chesney MA. Science and government. Enhanced: in defense of NCCAM. Science. 2006;313(5785):303-304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi MK, Sahu KC, Govindarajan R. Why a falling drop does not in general behave like a rising bubble. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4771.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim J, Lim SC, Chae SJ, et al. Ultrafast zero balance of the oscillator-strength sum rule in graphene. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain GD. Theory of Lift. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Loue S, Sajatovic M, eds. Determinants of Minority Mental Health and Wellness. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Quttineh N-H, Larsson T, Lundberg K, Holmberg K. Effect Oriented Planning of Joint Attacks. In: Migdalas A, Sifaleras A, Georgiadis CK, Papathanasiou J, Stiakakis E, eds. Optimization Theory, Decision Making, and Operations Research Applications: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium and 10th Balkan Conference on Operational Research. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer; 2013:49-70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias.

Blog post
Andrew E. Insect Exoskeleton Shedding Is Like Having Your Lungs Torn Out. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: SEMATECH’s Efforts to Strengthen the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roan R. Depth and Digital in Conversation: Practicing Marriage and Family Therapy Directly With Video Game Avatars. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. Scientists Ponder Contagious Cancer. New York Times. February 22, 2016:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias
AbbreviationAm. J. Alzheimers. Dis. Other Demen.
ISSN (print)1533-3175
ISSN (online)1938-2731
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles