How to format your references using the Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Thrill of space exploration is a universal constant. Nature 2013;503:313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujiwara A, Takahashi Y. Manipulation of elementary charge in a silicon charge-coupled device. Nature 2001;410:560–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharp DJ, Rogers GC, Scholey JM. Microtubule motors in mitosis. Nature 2000;407:41–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chang CC, Nicholson AN, Rinaldi E, Berkowitz E, Garron N, Brantley DA, et al. A per-cent-level determination of the nucleon axial coupling from quantum chromodynamics. Nature 2018;558:91–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aldridge P, O’Dwyer L. Practical Emergency and Critical Care Veterinary Nursing. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2013.
An edited book
Malgrange C. Symmetry and Physical Properties of Crystals. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Luna-Elizarrarás ME, Shapiro M, Struppa DC, Vajiac A. Geometry and Trigonometric Representations of Bicomplex Numbers. In: Shapiro M, Struppa DC, Vajiac A, editors. Bicomplex Holomorphic Functions: The Algebra, Geometry and Analysis of Bicomplex Numbers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 51–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions.

Blog post
Andrews R. The Deepwater Horizon Disaster Released A Heart-Damaging Pollutant. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD and VA: Systematic Data Sharing Would Help Expedite Servicemembers’ Transition to VA Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochoa-Bontemps RS. Rebuilding the Broken Mirror: An Imaginal Approach to the Multicultural Self. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; Republicans Re-Think “Family Values” Focus. New York Times 1992:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
AbbreviationAlzheimers Dement. (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)2352-8737

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