How to format your references using the Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rhee SG. Cell signaling. H2O2, a necessary evil for cell signaling. Science 2006;312:1882–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brent R, Lok L. Cell biology. A fishing buddy for hypothesis generators. Science 2005;308:504–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bala ADS, Spitzer MW, Takahashi TT. Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map. Nature 2003;424:771–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tong L, Pakizeh T, Feuz L, Dmitriev A. Highly directional bottom-up 3D nanoantenna for visible light. Sci Rep 2013;3:2311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr A. Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Dimitrakakis C, Gkoulalas-Divanis A, Mitrokotsa A, Verykios VS, Saygin Y, editors. Privacy and Security Issues in Data Mining and Machine Learning: International ECML/PKDD Workshop, PSDML 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 24, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 6549. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Oneal JR, Russett BM. The Kantian Peace: The Pacific Benefits of Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations, 1885–1992. In: Starr H, editor. Bruce M. Russett: Pioneer in the Scientific and Normative Study of War, Peace, and Policy, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 74–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 50 Science Misconceptions. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. SEC: EDGAR Dissemination Update. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lange AW. Calcineurin/NFATc1/DSCR1 Pathway Function in Cardiac Valvuloseptal Development and Down Syndrome-Related Phenotypes. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J. Undercover TV Reports on School Security Raise Ethical Questions. New York Times 2014:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
AbbreviationAlzheimers Dement. (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)2352-8737

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