How to format your references using the Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Machens CK. Neuroscience. Building the human brain. Science 2012;338:1156–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang X, Huang B. Computational study of in-plane phonon transport in Si thin films. Sci Rep 2014;4:6399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grenier IA, Casandjian J-M, Terrier R. Unveiling extensive clouds of dark gas in the solar neighborhood. Science 2005;307:1292–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shao J, Yuan L, Hu X, Wu Y, Zhang Z. The effect of nano confinement on the C-h activation and its corresponding structure-activity relationship. Sci Rep 2014;4:7225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM. Cost Reduction Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Amr T. Practical D3.js. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Richardson HW, Pan Q, Gordon P, Moore JE, Park J, Ngyuen C. A Bomb Attack on a Shopping Mall. In: Richardson HW, Pan Q, Park J, Moore JE II, editors. Regional Economic Impacts of Terrorist Attacks, Natural Disasters and Metropolitan Policies, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 87–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.

Blog post
Carpineti C. Hundreds of Nuclear Test Clips Have Been Declassified, And The Footage Is Both Awe-Inspiring And Terrifying. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Use of Alternative Fuels in Transit Buses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black AM. Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ohio Statewide Agricultural Leadership Program. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Dead Heat Controversy Simply Will Not Die. New York Times 2012:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
AbbreviationAlzheimers. Dement.
ISSN (print)1552-5260
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health Policy
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles