How to format your references using the Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Slonczewski J. Tuberculosis bacteria join UN. Nature 2000;405:1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Medina-Elizalde M, Lea DW. The mid-Pleistocene transition in the tropical Pacific. Science 2005;310:1009–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Milward GC, Calderón MJ, Littlewood PB. Electronically soft phases in manganites. Nature 2005;433:607–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Goll MG, Kirpekar F, Maggert KA, Yoder JA, Hsieh C-L, Zhang X, et al. Methylation of tRNAAsp by the DNA methyltransferase homolog Dnmt2. Science 2006;311:395–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bragg SM. Accounting Best Practices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Gattringer C. Quantum Chromodynamics on the Lattice: An Introductory Presentation. vol. 788. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jones RT, Burns KD, Immel CS, Moore RM, Schwartz-Goel K, Culpepper B. The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Children and Adolescents: Conceptual and Methodological Implications for Assessment and Intervention. In: Cherry KE, editor. Lifespan Perspectives on Natural Disasters: Coping with Katrina, Rita, and Other Storms, New York, NY: Springer US; 2009, p. 65–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Pluto’s Surface Might Be Resting On An Ammonia-Water Slurry. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/pluto-s-surface-might-be-resting-ammonia-water-slurry/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Proposed FAR Changes]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Haug JJ. A summer literacy intervention for struggling readers at the middle school level using strategies in comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and positive school climate to improve reading comprehension: An evaluation study. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Baseball Could Wait Until School Was Done. New York Times 2017:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
AbbreviationAlzheimers. Dement.
ISSN (print)1552-5260
ScopeEpidemiology
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health Policy
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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