How to format your references using the Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lorenz R. Planetary science. The glitter of distant seas. Science 2003;302:403–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruprecht P, Plank T. Feeding andesitic eruptions with a high-speed connection from the mantle. Nature 2013;500:68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun X-Q, Shen H-W, Cheng X-Q. Trading network predicts stock price. Sci Rep 2014;4:3711.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kolber ZS, Plumley FG, Lang AS, Beatty JT, Blankenship RE, VanDover CL, et al. Contribution of aerobic photoheterotrophic bacteria to the carbon cycle in the ocean. Science 2001;292:2492–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sengupta DL, Liepa VV. Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Müller M, editor. Clinical Pharmacology: Current Topics and Case Studies. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Cope B, Cheung PYK, Luk W, Howes L. A Systematic Design Space Exploration Approach to Customising Multi-Processor Architectures: Exemplified Using Graphics Processors. In: Stenström P, editor. Transactions on High-Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers IV, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

Blog post
Fang J. Are Chimps Natural Born Killers? IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Has Made Progress in Planning Governmentwide Program but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hurwitz BL. Viral community dynamics and functional specialization in the Pacific Ocean. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Proposes Plan to Delay Its Debt Payments to Free Up Cash. New York Times 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
AbbreviationAlzheimers Dement. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2352-8729

Other styles