How to format your references using the Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mestel L. Obituary: Hermann Bondi (1919-2005). Nature 2005;437:828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schliwa M, Woehlke G. Molecular motors. Nature 2003;422:759–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garner HR, McIver LJ, Waitzkin MB. Research funding: Same work, twice the money? Nature 2013;493:599–601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cognet L, Tsyboulski DA, Rocha J-DR, Doyle CD, Tour JM, Weisman RB. Stepwise quenching of exciton fluorescence in carbon nanotubes by single-molecule reactions. Science 2007;316:1465–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pommier S, Gravouil A, Combescure A, Moës N. Extended Finite Element Method for Crack Propagation. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Brink A, editor. Corporate Governance and Business Ethics. vol. 39. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Greiner A, Grüne L, Semmler W. Growth and Climate Change: Threshold and Multiple Equilibria. In: Crespo Cuaresma J, Palokangas T, Tarasyev A, editors. Dynamic Systems, Economic Growth, and the Environment, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

Blog post
Andrew E. Here’s What 1930s Fashion Designers Thought We’d Be Wearing In The Year 2000. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Further Steps Needed to Strengthen the Security of Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chahine J. Social workers’ perceptions of individuals who use drugs and alcohol problematically. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Vogel KP. Seat at Le Cirque, and a Word With Trump, for $250,000. New York Times 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
AbbreviationAlzheimers Dement. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2352-8729

Other styles