How to format your references using the Alter - European Journal of Disability research, Revue européenne de recherche sur le handicap citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alter - European Journal of Disability research, Revue européenne de recherche sur le handicap. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2010). World view: Save British science, again. Nature, 467(7313), 269.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratnieks, F. L. W., & Wenseleers, T. (2005). Evolution. Policing insect societies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 54–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, G.-W., Oh, E., & Weissman, J. S. (2012). The anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence drives translational pausing and codon choice in bacteria. Nature, 484(7395), 538–541.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schall, P., Cohen, I., Weitz, D. A., & Spaepen, F. (2004). Visualization of dislocation dynamics in colloidal crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692), 1944–1948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rehder, D. (2010). Chemistry in Space. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sarwat, M., Ahmad, A., & Abdin, M. Z. (Eds.). (2013). Stress Signaling in Plants: Genomics and Proteomics Perspective, Volume 1. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosner, M., & Joachimsen, J. (2012). Appoġġ Ta’ Teknoloġija Lingwistika għall-Malti. In G. Rehm & H. Uszkoreit (Eds.), The Maltese Language in the Digital Age (pp. 22–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alter - European Journal of Disability research, Revue européenne de recherche sur le handicap.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, June 13). The Sex Lives Of Ghost Sharks Are Weirder Than You Think. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Methodology Transfer Paper 3 (No. 118985). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, J. (2015). Screening for Allelopathic Potential and Self Facilitation in Japanese Hops (Humulus japonicus, Cannabaceae) [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2017, August 4). Crawl Space: Terror: Available Now In Three New Styles. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2010; Ratnieks & Wenseleers, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ratnieks & Wenseleers, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schall et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlter - European Journal of Disability research, Revue européenne de recherche sur le handicap
ISSN (print)1875-0672
ScopeHealth Policy
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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