How to format your references using the Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gitler AD. Neuroscience. Another reason to exercise. Science. 2011;334:606–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Akiyama BM, Stone MD. Structural biology: a solution to the telomerase puzzle. Nature. 2013;496:177–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alfe D, Gillan MJ, Price GD. Constraints on the composition of the Earth’s core from ab initio calculations. Nature. 2000;405:172–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bonacci TM, Mathews JL, Yuan C, Lehmann DM, Malik S, Wu D, et al. Differential targeting of Gbetagamma-subunit signaling with small molecules. Science. 2006;312:443–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Minoli D. A Networking Approach to Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1. Fuhr N, Lalmas M, Malik S, Kazai G, editors. Advances in XML Information Retrieval and Evaluation: 4th International Workshop of the Initiative for the Evaluation of XML Retrieval, INEX 2005, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 28-30, 2005. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rosenberg E, Zilber-Rosenberg I. Microbiotas are Transmitted Between Holobiont Generations. In: Zilber-Rosenberg I, editor. The Hologenome Concept: Human, Animal and Plant Microbiota. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Supplements Are An Expensive And Potentially Toxic Lucky Dip [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Americans With Disabilities Act: Challenges Faced by Transit Agencies in Complying With the Act’s Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Mar. Report No.: RCED-94-58.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Winhusen ER. Precambrian Seawater Temperature Analysis Using Oxygen Isotopes from Hamersley Carbonates, Western Australia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Patriarch Aleksy II, Russian Orthodox Leader, Dies at 79. New York Times. 2008 Dec 6;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationAllergy Asthma Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1710-1492
Immunology and Allergy
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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