How to format your references using the Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stone AJ. Chemistry. Water from first principles. Science. 2007;315:1228–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Townley R, Shapiro L. Crystal structures of the adenylate sensor from fission yeast AMP-activated protein kinase. Science. 2007;315:1726–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Liu F, Bakht S, Dean C. Cotranscriptional role for Arabidopsis DICER-LIKE 4 in transcription termination. Science. 2012;335:1621–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Janzen V, Forkert R, Fleming HE, Saito Y, Waring MT, Dombkowski DM, et al. Stem-cell ageing modified by the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16INK4a. Nature. 2006;443:421–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Warnock G, Ghafary M, Shaheen G. Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) Self-Study Guide. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Huang L-Q, editor. Molecular Pharmacognosy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Amengual E, Mas A, Mesquida AL. Team SPICE: A SPICE-Based Teamwork Assessment Model. In: Riel A, O’Connor R, Tichkiewitch S, Messnarz R, editors. Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 17th European Conference, EuroSPI 2010, Grenoble, France, September 1-3, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Sexual Satisfaction Correlates With Intelligence [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Actions Needed To Improve the Federal Communications Commission’s Financial Disclosure System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Dec. Report No.: FPCD-76-51.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vande Voort PS. A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. Rich, and a Jerk, but Then, Wait for It . . . New York Times. 2017 Sep 29;C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationAllergy Asthma Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1710-1492
Immunology and Allergy
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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