How to format your references using the Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Haigwood NL. HIV: tied down by its own receptor. Nature. 2015;519:36–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Laskar J, Gastineau M. Existence of collisional trajectories of Mercury, Mars and Venus with the Earth. Nature. 2009;459:817–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mahadevan A, Thomas LN, Tandon A. Comment on “Eddy/wind interactions stimulate extraordinary mid-ocean plankton blooms.” Science. 2008;320:448; author reply 448.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Singh R, Kaushik S, Wang Y, Xiang Y, Novak I, Komatsu M, et al. Autophagy regulates lipid metabolism. Nature. 2009;458:1131–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Siebert G, Maniatis I. Tragende Bauteile aus Glas. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1. Landriani L. Management and Valuation of Heritage Assets: A Comparative Analysis Between Italy and USA. Pozzoli M, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Liu J. Towards Network Autonomy. In: Wang G-Y, Peters JF, Skowron A, Yao Y, editors. Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology: First International Conference, RSKT 2006, Chongquing, China, July 24-26, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 32–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Current Impact Of Climate Change On Threatened Species Hugely Underestimated [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Title I: Education Needs to Monitor States’ Scoring of Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Apr. Report No.: GAO-02-393.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chung TY-Y. Pulse designs on TR-MAS UWB [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. In Mets’ Lost Season, Collins Defends His Decisions. New York Times. 2017 Sep 29;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationAllergy Asthma Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1710-1492
Immunology and Allergy
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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