How to format your references using the Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Güntürkün O (2003) Human behaviour: Adult persistence of head-turning asymmetry. Nature 421:711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swinbanks D, Cyranoski D (2000) Taiwan backs experience in quest for biotech success. Nature 407:417–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor J, Zheng X, Zhou Z (2013) Zheng et al. reply. Nature 499:E1-2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li X-Y, Ko H-G, Chen T, Descalzi G, Koga K, Wang H, Kim SS, Shang Y, Kwak C, Park S-W, Shim J, Lee K, Collingridge GL, Kaang B-K, Zhuo M (2010) Alleviating neuropathic pain hypersensitivity by inhibiting PKMzeta in the anterior cingulate cortex. Science 330:1400–1404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski EG (2011) Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pinkerton KE, Rom WN (Eds.) (2014) Global Climate Change and Public Health, Respiratory Medicine. New York, NY, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Richards CM, Falk DA, Montalvo AM (2016) Population and Ecological Genetics in Restoration Ecology In: Foundations of Restoration Ecology (Palmer MA, Zedler JB, Falk DA eds), pp 123–152. Washington, DC, Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Whales Have Unique Voices. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) FAA Alaska: Weak Controls Resulted in Improper and Wasteful Purchases (No. GAO-02-606). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bunt E (2010) The saxophone works of Karlheinz Stockhausen (Doctoral dissertation). Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) An Elvis Convention: The ‘Fat’ One Takes a Flop, But Lands On His Feet. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Güntürkün, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Güntürkün, 2003; Swinbanks and Cyranoski, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Swinbanks and Cyranoski, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
AbbreviationAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
ISSN (online)1530-0277
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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