How to format your references using the Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thorne KS (2008) Retrospective: John Archibald Wheeler (1911-2008). Science 320:1603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weatherhead EC, Andersen SB (2006) The search for signs of recovery of the ozone layer. Nature 441:39–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
DeLoache JS, Uttal DH, Rosengren KS (2004) Scale errors offer evidence for a perception-action dissociation early in life. Science 304:1027–1029.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Myong S, Cui S, Cornish PV, Kirchhofer A, Gack MU, Jung JU, Hopfner K-P, Ha T (2009) Cytosolic viral sensor RIG-I is a 5’-triphosphate-dependent translocase on double-stranded RNA. Science 323:1070–1074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yamarone R (2012) The Trader’s Guide to Key Economic Indicators. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
H. Barrett D, W. Ortmann L, Dawson A, Saenz C, Reis A, Bolan G (Eds.) (2016) Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe, Public Health Ethics Analysis. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khierallah HSM, Bader SM, Ibrahim KM, Al-Jboory IJ (2015) Date Palm Status and Perspective in Iraq In: Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe (Al-Khayri JM, Jain SM, Johnson DV eds), pp 97–152. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Jupiter’s Core May Be Shrinking Faster Than Previously Believed. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) School Facilities: Reported Condition and Costs to Repair Schools Funded by Bureau of Indian Affairs (No. HEHS-98-47). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lenz RM (2017) Iron, Arsenic, and Elevated Salinity in the Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Aquifer of Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). Lafayette, LA, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) With Vinyl, Creating a Physical Presence. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thorne, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Thorne, 2008; Weatherhead and Andersen, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weatherhead and Andersen, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Myong et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
AbbreviationAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
ISSN (online)1530-0277
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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