How to format your references using the Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig R (2000) IRANIAN SCIENCE: Earthquake Researchers Prepare for the Next Big One. Science 290:1486.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knapp S, Mallet J (2003) Ecology. Refuting refugia? Science 300:71–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provenzano V, Shapiro AJ, Shull RD (2004) Reduction of hysteresis losses in the magnetic refrigerant Gd5Ge2Si2 by the addition of iron. Nature 429:853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamamoto Y, Fukushima T, Suna Y, Ishii N, Saeki A, Seki S, Tagawa S, Taniguchi M, Kawai T, Aida T (2006) Photoconductive coaxial nanotubes of molecularly connected electron donor and acceptor layers. Science 314:1761–1764.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li FM, Nathan A, Wu Y, Ong BS (2011) Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration. Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kusuoka S, Maruyama T (Eds.) (2012) Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 16, Advances in Mathematical Economics. Tokyo, Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Rudloff E, Wang Y (2011) Crambe In: Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Oilseeds (Kole C ed), pp 97–116. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Scientists have created a blueprint for a prosthetic hand with a sense of touch. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Race to the Top: Education Could Better Support Grantees and Help Them Address Capacity Challenges (No. GAO-15-295). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff AK (2010) Evaluating summer school programs and the effect on student achievement: The correlation between Stanford-10 standardized test scores and two different summer programs (Doctoral dissertation). St. Charles, MO, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) In South Africa, Diversions Far From the Field. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Knapp and Mallet, 2003; Koenig, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knapp and Mallet, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
AbbreviationAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
ISSN (online)1530-0277
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles