How to format your references using the Al-Jami'ah - Journal of Islamic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Al-Jami'ah - Journal of Islamic Studies (AJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oreskes, Naomi, ‘Beyond the ivory tower. The scientific consensus on climate change’, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 306, no. 5702, 2004, p. 1686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schink, B. and M. Friedrich, ‘Phosphite oxidation by sulphate reduction’, Nature, vol. 406, no. 6791, 2000, p. 37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sack, Lawren, Teodoro Marañón, and Peter J. Grubb, ‘Global allocation rules for patterns of biomass partitioning’, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 296, no. 5575, 2002, p. 1923.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jékely, Gáspár et al., ‘Mechanism of phototaxis in marine zooplankton’, Nature, vol. 456, no. 7220, 2008, pp. 395–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schweiker, William, Dust that Breathes, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Ismail, Noriswadi and Edwin Lee Yong Cieh (eds.), Beyond Data Protection: Strategic Case Studies and Practical Guidance, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Fortunati, Leopoldina et al., ‘The “Mobile” Face of Contemporary China’, in New Connectivities in China: Virtual, Actual and Local Interactions, ed. by Pui-Lam Law, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Al-Jami'ah - Journal of Islamic Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom, ‘Svalbard Will Soon Have Another “Doomsday Vault” For Storing Precious Literature’, IFLScience, IFLScience, 29 Mar 2017, https://www.iflscience.com/technology/svalbard-will-soon-have-another-doomsday-vault-for-storing-precious-literature/, accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intercity Passenger Rail: Prospects for Amtrak’s Financial Viability, no. RCED-98-211R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodison, Sean Edmund, ‘The undiscovered country: Homicide, dynamic change, and deterrence in Washington, D.C. Neighborhoods, 1998-2006’, Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda, ‘Roosevelt District Faces An Uncertain Future’, New York Times, 1 Jul 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Naomi Oreskes, ‘Beyond the ivory tower. The scientific consensus on climate change’, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 306, no. 5702 (2004), p. 1686, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1103618..
This sentence cites two references Naomi Oreskes, ‘Beyond the ivory tower. The scientific consensus on climate change’, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 306, no. 5702 (2004), p. 1686, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1103618; B. Schink and M. Friedrich, ‘Phosphite oxidation by sulphate reduction’, Nature, vol. 406, no. 6791 (2000), p. 37, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35017644..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: B. Schink and M. Friedrich, ‘Phosphite oxidation by sulphate reduction’, Nature, vol. 406, no. 6791 (2000), p. 37.
  • Three authors: Lawren Sack, Teodoro Marañón, and Peter J. Grubb, ‘Global allocation rules for patterns of biomass partitioning’, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 296, no. 5575 (2002), p. 1923.
  • Four or more authors: Gáspár Jékely et al., ‘Mechanism of phototaxis in marine zooplankton’, Nature, vol. 456, no. 7220 (2008), pp. 395–9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07590.

About the journal

Full journal titleAl-Jami'ah - Journal of Islamic Studies
ISSN (print)0126-012X
ISSN (online)2338-557X
Scope

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