How to format your references using the Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gotta M (2010) Journal club. A cell biologist connects her research to bacterial brain invasion. Nature 463:139
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspi Y, Schneider T (2011) Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries induced by warm ocean waters. Nature 471:621–624
A journal article with 3 authors
Pack A, Shelley JMG, Palme H (2004) Chondrules with peculiar REE patterns: implications for solar nebular condensation at high C/O. Science 303:997–1000
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mai S, Walker GE, Brunani A, et al (2014) Inherent insulin sensitivity is a major determinant of multimeric adiponectin responsiveness to short-term weight loss in extreme obesity. Sci Rep 4:5803

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zheng F, Kaiser T (2016) Digital Signal Processing for RFID. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kim KJ, Wattanapongsakorn N, Joukov N (eds) (2016) Mobile and Wireless Technologies 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
White RW, Kapoor A, Dumais ST (2010) Modeling Long-Term Search Engine Usage. In: Bra PD, Kobsa A, Chin D (eds) User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization: 18th International Conference, UMAP 2010, Big Island, HI, USA, June 20-24, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 28–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Ghostly Images Show The Aftermath Of Canada’s Devastating Wildfire. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Answers to Independence Standard Questions (Superseded by GAO-12-331G) GAO-02-870G, July 2002. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salonga-Moreno DR (2010) Pressure ulcer prevention and management curriculum for home health agencies. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) Bill to Ease Puerto Rico Through $72 Billion Debt Crisis Introduced in House. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gotta 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gotta 2010; Kaspi and Schneider 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaspi and Schneider 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Mai et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAir Quality, Atmosphere & Health
AbbreviationAir Qual. Atmos. Health
ISSN (print)1873-9318
ISSN (online)1873-9326
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles