How to format your references using the Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stairs IH (2004) Pulsars in binary systems: probing binary stellar evolution and general relativity. Science 304:547–552
A journal article with 2 authors
Eddy CR Jr, Gaskill DK (2009) Materials science. Silicon carbide as a platform for power electronics. Science 324:1398–1400
A journal article with 3 authors
Moree M, Ewart S, Diggs C (2004) Strength in unity. Nature 430:938–939
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Woodhead JL, Zhao F-Q, Craig R, et al (2005) Atomic model of a myosin filament in the relaxed state. Nature 436:1195–1199

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jayaweera SK (2014) Signal Processing for Cognitive Radios. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fleischer R, Trippen G (eds) (2005) Algorithms and Computation: 15th International Symposium, ISAAC 2004, Hong Kong, China, December 20-22, 2004. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Robinson W, Campbell RJ (2010) School Values and Effective Pedagogy: Case Studies of Two Leading Edge Schools in England. In: Lovat T, Toomey R, Clement N (eds) International Research Handbook on Values Education and Student Wellbeing. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Spectacular Solar Eruption Caught On Camera. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Information Technology: Update on VA Actions to Implement Critical Reforms. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dixon LK (2009) Tracing anthropogenic wastes: Detection of fluorescent optical brighteners in a gradient of natural organic matter fluorescence. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S (2002) Op-Art. New York Times 415

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stairs 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Stairs 2004; Eddy and Gaskill 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eddy and Gaskill 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Woodhead et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAir Quality, Atmosphere & Health
AbbreviationAir Qual. Atmos. Health
ISSN (print)1873-9318
ISSN (online)1873-9326
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles