How to format your references using the Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garber K (2012) Genetics: Deep exploration. Nature 492:S56-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Christensen ST, Ott CM (2007) Cell signaling. A ciliary signaling switch. Science 317:330–331
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakellariou D, Le Goff G, Jacquinot J-F (2007) High-resolution, high-sensitivity NMR of nanolitre anisotropic samples by coil spinning. Nature 447:694–697
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nakanishi-Matsui M, Zheng YW, Sulciner DJ, et al (2000) PAR3 is a cofactor for PAR4 activation by thrombin. Nature 404:609–613

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gottlieb I (2009) Next Generation Excel. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809
An edited book
Deshpande A, Hunter A (eds) (2010) Scalable Uncertainty Management: 4th International Conference, SUM 2010, Toulouse, France, September 27-29, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Niu Y, Qiu X (2013) The Global-Local Mental Rotation in Divided Attention Paradigm. In: Liu D, Alippi C, Zhao D, Hussain A (eds) Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 6th International Conference, BICS 2013, Beijing, China, June 9-11, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Mars Looks Weirdly Different Everywhere We Look. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) More Competition Needed in the Federal Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eggleston BP (2014) An Investigation of the Difference in Student Achievement during the Middle School Transition Years. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Verses of Civil Rights Anthem ‘We Shall Overcome’ Are Ruled Not Under Copyright. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garber 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen and Ott 2007; Garber 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Christensen and Ott 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakanishi-Matsui et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAir Quality, Atmosphere & Health
AbbreviationAir Qual. Atmos. Health
ISSN (print)1873-9318
ISSN (online)1873-9326
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles