How to format your references using the Aging & Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging & Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lynden-Bell, D. (2010). Retrospective. Allan Sandage (1926-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6012), 1763.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinze, S., & Homberg, U. (2007). Maplike representation of celestial E-vector orientations in the brain of an insect. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5814), 995–997.
A journal article with 3 authors
del Campo, A., Goold, J., & Paternostro, M. (2014). More bang for your buck: super-adiabatic quantum engines. Scientific Reports, 4, 6208.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bell, T., Newman, J. A., Silverman, B. W., Turner, S. L., & Lilley, A. K. (2005). The contribution of species richness and composition to bacterial services. Nature, 436(7054), 1157–1160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morag, N. (2011). Comparative Homeland Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Smajgl, A., & Ward, J. (Eds.). (2013). The Water-Food-Energy Nexus in the Mekong Region: Assessing Development Strategies Considering Cross-Sectoral and Transboundary Impacts. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hauenstein, W., & Lafitte, R. (2012). Impacts of Dams in Switzerland. In C. Tortajada, D. Altinbilek, & A. K. Biswas (Eds.), Impacts of Large Dams: A Global Assessment (pp. 95–122). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging & Mental Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, May 17). Go West Young Tree – Climate Change Moves Forests In Unexpected Direction. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Compensation for Service as Teacher With the Overseas Dependents Schools (B-186970). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bao, J. (2010). Design enhancements in repetitive and interative learning control [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S., & Kanter, J. (2017, October 20). Brexit Talks Stall as E.U. Presses Britain to Pay Up. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lynden-Bell, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Heinze & Homberg, 2007; Lynden-Bell, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heinze & Homberg, 2007)
  • Three authors: (del Campo et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bell et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAging & Mental Health
AbbreviationAging Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1360-7863
ISSN (online)1364-6915
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

Other styles