How to format your references using the Aging & Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging & Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stanley, G. D., Jr. (2006). Ecology. Photosymbiosis and the evolution of modern coral reefs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5775), 857–858.
A journal article with 2 authors
Colburn, K. A., & Johnson, P. R. S. (2003). Public health. Air pollution concerns not changed by S-PLUS flaw. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5607), 665–666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhari, N. K., Song, M. Y., & Yu, J.-S. (2014). Heteroatom-doped highly porous carbon from human urine. Scientific Reports, 4, 5221.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Petersen, C. C. H., Brecht, M., Hahn, T. T. G., & Sakmann, B. (2004). Synaptic changes in layer 2/3 underlying map plasticity of developing barrel cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5671), 739–742.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jenkinson, J., Hyde, T., & Ahmad, S. (2008). Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dasalukunte, D. (2014). Faster than Nyquist Signaling: Algorithms to Silicon. (V. Öwall, F. Rusek, & J. B. Anderson, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Vu, T. T., Tran, G. B., & Pham, S. B. (2014). Learning to Simplify Children Stories with Limited Data. In N. T. Nguyen, B. Attachoo, B. Trawiński, & K. Somboonviwat (Eds.), Intelligent Information and Database Systems: 6th Asian Conference, ACIIDS 2014, Bangkok, Thailand, April 7-9, 2014, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 31–41). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging & Mental Health.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 9). Catching Lightning In A Fossil – And Calculating How Much Energy A Strike Contains. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Tax Systems Modernization: Actions Underway But Management and Technical Weaknesses Not Yet Corrected (No. T-AIMD-96-165). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chun, A. R. (2017). Physiological, Ultrastructure, and Preliminary Genomic Characterization of the Marine Protist Thraustochytrium sp. LLF1b (class Labyrinthulomycetes) (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, May 2). Clouds Part Long Enough For a Memorable Ride. New York Times, p. SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stanley, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Colburn & Johnson, 2003; Stanley, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Colburn & Johnson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Chaudhari, Song, & Yu, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Petersen, Brecht, Hahn, & Sakmann, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAging & Mental Health
AbbreviationAging Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1360-7863
ISSN (online)1364-6915
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

Other styles