How to format your references using the Aging & Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging & Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmody, J. (2000). What if...? Nature, 406(6794), 349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanchez, P. A., & Swaminathan, M. S. (2005). Public health. Cutting world hunger in half. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5708), 357–359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowacki, A., Wookey, J., & Kendall, J.-M. (2010). Deformation of the lowermost mantle from seismic anisotropy. Nature, 467(7319), 1091–1094.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Román-Leshkov, Y., Barrett, C. J., Liu, Z. Y., & Dumesic, J. A. (2007). Production of dimethylfuran for liquid fuels from biomass-derived carbohydrates. Nature, 447(7147), 982–985.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Damrosch, D. (2017). How to Read World Literature. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jungheim, E. S. (Ed.). (2015). Obesity and Fertility: A Practical Guide for Clinicians. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sausville, E. A. (2011). Preclinical Models for Anticancer Drug Development. In E. Garrett-Mayer (Ed.), Principles of Anticancer Drug Development (pp. 89–114). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging & Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, September 4). Enormous Sinkhole Opens Up In Manchester. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals (GAO-01-289). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hertzog, L. (2013). Development and implementation of a prenatal postpartum depression education program for nurse practitioner students at California State University Long Beach [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leguizamo, J. (2016, October 21). ‘Too Bad You’re Latin.’ New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carmody, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Carmody, 2000; Sanchez & Swaminathan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanchez & Swaminathan, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Nowacki et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Román-Leshkov et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAging & Mental Health
AbbreviationAging Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1360-7863
ISSN (online)1364-6915
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

Other styles