How to format your references using the Ageing & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lüthi, M. 2013. Geophysics. Gauging Greenland’s subglacial water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 6147, 721–22.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bel, S. and Hooper, L. V. 2015. Immunology: A bacterial nudge to T-cell function. Nature, 526, 7573, 328–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannoni, S., Temperton, B. and Zhao, Y. 2013. Giovannoni et al. reply. Nature, 499, 7459, E4-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vickers, N. J., Christensen, T. A., Baker, T. C. and Hildebrand, J. G. 2001. Odour-plume dynamics influence the brain’s olfactory code. Nature, 410, 6827, 466–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kindmann, R. and Krüger, U. 2013. Stahlbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Chakravarty, S. and Negi, R. (eds) 2016. Space, Planning and Everyday Contestations in Delhi. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Klingbeil, H., Laier, U. and Lens, D. 2015. RF Cavities. In U. Laier and D. Lens (eds), Theoretical Foundations of Synchrotron and Storage Ring RF Systems. Particle Acceleration and Detection. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 173–224.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing & Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Breaking The Link Between A Conservative Worldview And Climate Skepticism. IFLScience Available online at [Accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998. Federal Research: The National Academy of Sciences and the Federal Advisory Committee Act. RCED-99-17. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Honnold, J. L. 2012. Toward a Working Theory of Neurorhetorics. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016. Mets Come Out Swinging Like Contenders. New York Times, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lüthi 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bel and Hooper 2015; Lüthi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bel and Hooper 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Vickers et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing & Society
AbbreviationAgeing Soc.
ISSN (print)0144-686X
ISSN (online)1469-1779
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles