How to format your references using the Ageing & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L. 2006. Protein purification: cell or cell-free? Nature, 439, 7079, 1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Houweling, A. R. and Brecht, M. 2008. Behavioural report of single neuron stimulation in somatosensory cortex. Nature, 451, 7174, 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz, H., Franz, M. and Heberlein, U. 2005. The hangover gene defines a stress pathway required for ethanol tolerance development. Nature, 436, 7052, 845–47.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C., He, Q., Halim, U., Liu, Y., Zhu, E., Lin, Z., Xiao, H., Duan, X., Feng, Z., Cheng, R., Weiss, N. O., Ye, G., Huang, Y.-C., Wu, H., Cheng, H.-C., Shakir, I., Liao, L., Chen, X., Goddard, W. A., III, Huang, Y. and Duan, X. 2018. Monolayer atomic crystal molecular superlattices. Nature, 555, 7695, 231–36.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Filla, J. J. and Brown, H. E. 2013. Prospect Research for Fundraisers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Härdle, W. 2007. Multivariate Statistics: Exercises and Solutions. Z. Hlávka (ed). Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Frisch, W., Meschede, M. and Blakey, R. 2011. Mid-ocean ridges. In M. Meschede and R. C. Blakey (eds), Plate Tectonics: Continental Drift and Mountain Building. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing & Society.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. 13 Facts About Flirting That Single — and Married — People Should Know. IFLScience Available online at [Accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999. Technology Transfer: Reporting Requirements for Federally Sponsored Inventions Need Revision. RCED-99-242. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fink, D. C. 2017. An Exposure Assessment of Paper Dust in a Coupon Manufacturing Facility. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. 2016. Using Their Artistic Vision to Pierce Iran’s Veil. New York Times, WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta 2006; Houweling and Brecht 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Houweling and Brecht 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing & Society
AbbreviationAgeing Soc.
ISSN (print)0144-686X
ISSN (online)1469-1779
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles