How to format your references using the Ageing & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. 2000. US science shocked by revelations of sexual discrimination. Nature, 405, 6787, 713–14.
A journal article with 2 authors
Srokosz, M. A. and Bryden, H. L. 2015. OCEAN CIRCULATION. Observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation yields a decade of inevitable surprises. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348, 6241, 1255575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, P. K., Hopwood, J. and Sonkusale, S. 2014. Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma. Scientific reports, 4, 5964.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zinzen, R. P., Girardot, C., Gagneur, J., Braun, M. and Furlong, E. E. M. 2009. Combinatorial binding predicts spatio-temporal cis-regulatory activity. Nature, 462, 7269, 65–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, R. G. 2009. Environmental Calculations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Broersma, H., Erlebach, T., Friedetzky, T. and Paulusma, D. (eds) 2008. Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 34th International Workshop, WG 2008, Durham, UK, June 30 – July 2, 2008. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Colonna, S., Folco, G. and Marangoni, F. 2013. Vitamine e minerali. In G. Folco and F. Marangoni (eds), I cibi della salute: Le basi chimiche di una corretta alimentazione. Springer, Milano, 75–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing & Society.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. How Smartphone Light Affects Your Brain And Body. IFLScience Available online at https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-smartphone-light-affects-your-brain-and-body/ [Accessed 30 October 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990. Competitiveness: The Challenge of the Deficit. No. 144362. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahlert, D. 2015. Application of Graph Theoretic Clustering on Some Biomedical Data Sets. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SOPHIA PECK ROSS.RICHARD F. BLOUGH.HUGH ARCHBALD.ALEXANDER ROYDEN.RAPHAEL.SPENCER B. WITTY.CARL R. KLEIN, Tilis, L. B. and JOSEPH A. CELESTE.JONATHAN ESTOFF.GEORGES SCHREIBER.THOMAS J. BARNUM.ALLAN C. INMAN 1950. Letters; NOT CITY GUIDES TO THE PEOPLE GOP TROUBLE GRACE AND CHARM HOWL WITTY, TOO A BAS ‘ERPIVORI’ OLD HAT FOREIGN SERVICE HERITAGE. New York Times, The New York Times Magazine151.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Srokosz and Bryden 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Srokosz and Bryden 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zinzen et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing & Society
AbbreviationAgeing Soc.
ISSN (print)0144-686X
ISSN (online)1469-1779
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles