How to format your references using the Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kroes G-J 2008 Frontiers in surface scattering simulations Science 321 794–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Seibel B A and Dierssen H M 2009 Ocean science. Animal function at the heart (and gut) of oceanography Science 323 343–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhong Y, Zhang L and Su D 2000 Collaborations tailored for bioinformatics projects Science 290 2074a
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bessell P R, Searle K R, Auty H K, Handel I G, Purse B V and Bronsvoort B M D 2013 Epidemic potential of an emerging vector borne disease in a marginal environment: Schmallenberg in Scotland Sci. Rep. 3 1178

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman E 2017 Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis (Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Austin J, Bentkover J and Chait L 2016 Leading Strategic Change in an Era of Healthcare Transformation (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Olson D L and Wu D 2010 Enterprise Risk Management in Projects Enterprise Risk Management Models ed D Wu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 43–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Mountain Range’s Collapse May Have Supercharged Evolution IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 Aviation Weather: FAA and the National Weather Service Are Considering Plans to Consolidate Weather Service Offices, But Face Significant Challenges (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zolfaghari S S 2015 The relationship between folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 intakes and depression in women who use hormonal oral contraceptives Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M and Walsh M W 2012 Unions Fight Scranton Mayor After He Cuts Pay to Minimum Wage New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN (online)2043-6262

Other styles