How to format your references using the Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crooks R M 2014 Therapeutics: Detective work on drug dosage Nature 505 165–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Georgescu R E and O’Donnell M 2007 Structural biology. Getting DNA to unwind Science 317 1181–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Schubert G, Russell C T and Moore W B 2000 Timing of the Martian dynamo Nature 408 666–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Schneider H, Downey J, Smith A, Zinselmeyer B H, Rush C, Brewer J M, Wei B, Hogg N, Garside P and Rudd C E 2006 Reversal of the TCR stop signal by CTLA-4 Science 313 1972–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartley J 2011 Digital Futures for Cultural and Media Studies (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Reif K 2014 Diesel Engine Management: Systems and Components (Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden)
A chapter in an edited book
Olivieri A and Pitacco E 2015 Life Insurance: Reserving Introduction to Insurance Mathematics: Technical and Financial Features of Risk Transfers EAA Series ed E Pitacco (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 271–321

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2015 Enormous Asteroid Discovered Last Week Will Whizz Past Earth On Halloween IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 Federal Communications Commission: MDS and ITFS Two-Way Transmissions (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee E 2017 Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik J F 2016 Accelerators Lend Help to a Business Idea Trying to Catch Fire New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN (online)2043-6262

Other styles