How to format your references using the Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe M 2003 Small world, big hopes Nature 426 478–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Sander P M and Clauss M 2008 Paleontology. Sauropod gigantism Science 322 200–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey C D, Coen P and Tank D W 2012 Choice-specific sequences in parietal cortex during a virtual-navigation decision task Nature 484 62–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Costescu R M, Cahill D G, Fabreguette F H, Sechrist Z A and George S M 2004 Ultra-low thermal conductivity in W/Al2O3 nanolaminates Science 303 989–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak J J 2005 An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Lee K M, Matsushita Y, Rehg J M and Hu Z 2013 Computer Vision – ACCV 2012: 11th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Daejeon, Korea, November 5-9, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part IV vol 7727 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Brown D W, Duchane D V, Heiken G and Hriscu V T 2012 Phase I Reservoir Development—Redrilling and Flow Testing Mining the Earth’s Heat: Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy ed D V Duchane, G Heiken and V T Hriscu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 151–234

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Hale T 2015 211 New Species Discovered In The Himalayas IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2013 NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Felice D 2013 A Phenomenological Study of Teaching Endangered Languages Online: Perspectives from Nahua and Mayan Educators Doctoral dissertation (Tampa, FL: University of South Florida)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L 2007 Nassau County Buys Farm Development Rights New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN (online)2043-6262

Other styles