How to format your references using the Addiction Science & Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addiction Science & Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ittekkot V. Geochemistry. A new story from the Ol’ Man River. Science. 2003;301:56–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. O’Toole PW, Jeffery IB. Gut microbiota and aging. Science. 2015;350:1214–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Huang S, Bai M, Wang L. General and facile surface functionalization of hydrophobic nanocrystals with poly(amino acid) for cell luminescence imaging. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2023.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Home JP, Hanneke D, Jost JD, Amini JM, Leibfried D, Wineland DJ. Complete methods set for scalable ion trap quantum information processing. Science. 2009;325:1227–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Koch SN, Torres SMF, Plumb DC. Canine and Feline Dermatology Drug Handbook. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Nedjah N, Mourelle L de M, editors. Fuzzy Systems Engineering: Theory and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sobotka PA, Harrison DG, Fudim M. The Endpoint on Measuring the Clinical Effects of Renal Denervation: What Are the Best Surrogates. In: Heuser RR, Schlaich M, Sievert H, editors. Renal Denervation: A New Approach to Treatment of Resistant Hypertension. London: Springer; 2015. p. 25–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addiction Science & Clinical Practice.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Each Part Of The Brain Has Its Own Rhythmic ‘Fingerprint’ [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Programs: Challenges Facing the Department of Transportation and Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Mar. Report No.: GAO-09-435T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pulsifer JE. Learning from the Uighurs: Correcting Inadequate Due Process in Terrorist Financing Sanction Regimes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. O Slapstick Tragedy! New York Times. 2017 Mar 29;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAddiction Science & Clinical Practice
AbbreviationAddict. Sci. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (online)1940-0640
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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