How to format your references using the Acta Sociológica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Sociológica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Q. (2013). China has the capacity to lead in carbon trading. Nature, 493(7432), 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pandey, A., & Guyot-Sionnest, P. (2008). Slow electron cooling in colloidal quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5903), 929–932.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T. W., Spiller, D. A., & Losos, J. B. (2001). Natural restoration of the species-area relation for a lizard after a hurricane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1525–1528.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nash, M. S., Young, K. W., Challiss, R. A., & Nahorski, S. R. (2001). Intracellular signalling. Receptor-specific messenger oscillations. Nature, 413(6854), 381–382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brendel, R. (2005). Thin-Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Fasano, G., & Pintér, J. D. (Eds.). (2016). Space Engineering: Modeling and Optimization with Case Studies (Vol. 114). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Le Naour, C., Hoffman, D. C., & Trubert, D. (2014). Fundamental and Experimental Aspects of Single Atom-at-a-Time Chemistry. In M. Schädel & D. Shaughnessy (Eds.), The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements (pp. 241–260). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Sociológica.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, February 1). Cymatics: When Science And Music Dance. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Bureau of Indian Affairs Contracts for Automatic Data Processing Management Services, and for Development of a Management Information System at the Colorado River Indian Reservation (B-114868). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
An, D. (2017). Improved Flotation of Bastnaesite and Chalcopyrite [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, April 30). Deadline Nears in Puerto Rico, Amid Haggling. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Pandey & Guyot-Sionnest, 2008; Wang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pandey & Guyot-Sionnest, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Schoener et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nash et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Sociológica
ISSN (print)0186-6028

Other styles