How to format your references using the Acta Sociológica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Sociológica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferguson, C. D. (2011). Do not phase out nuclear power - yet. Nature, 471(7339), 411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jayaraman, K. S., & Weis, P. (2001). Fallout from terrorism hits summits on developing world. Nature, 413(6858), 759.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoffmann, K. F., Brindley, P. J., & Berriman, M. (2014). Medicine. Halting harmful helminths. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6206), 168–169.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Connor, C. M., Morrison, F. J., Fishman, B. J., Schatschneider, C., & Underwood, P. (2007). The early years. Algorithm-guided individualized reading instruction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5811), 464–465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stacey, D. (2008). Aeronautical Radio Communication Systems and Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gunopulos, D., Hofmann, T., Malerba, D., & Vazirgiannis, M. (Eds.). (2011). Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2011, Athens, Greece, September 5-9, 2011, Proceedings, Part III (Vol. 6913). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lai, J., Deng, R. H., Liu, S., Weng, J., & Zhao, Y. (2014). Identity-Based Encryption Secure against Selective Opening Chosen-Ciphertext Attack. In P. Q. Nguyen & E. Oswald (Eds.), Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2014: 33rd Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Copenhagen, Denmark, May 11-15, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 77–92). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Sociológica.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 22). Scientists Have Found The Source Of Emotional Resilience In The Brain. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Diploma Mills: Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense (No. GAO-04-771T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalcin, D. (2008). A comparison of the Children’s Functional Assessment Rating Scale and the Child Behavior Checklist used in a wraparound program (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, March 18). Justices Take Up On-Air Vulgarity Again. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferguson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ferguson, 2011; Jayaraman & Weis, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jayaraman & Weis, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Hoffmann, Brindley, & Berriman, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Connor, Morrison, Fishman, Schatschneider, & Underwood, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Sociológica
ISSN (print)0186-6028

Other styles