How to format your references using the Acta Sociológica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Sociológica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peik, E. (2005). Physics. Logical spectroscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 710–711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korkusinski, M., & Hawrylak, P. (2014). Quantum strain sensor with a topological insulator HgTe quantum dot. Scientific Reports, 4, 4903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Binshtok, A. M., Bean, B. P., & Woolf, C. J. (2007). Inhibition of nociceptors by TRPV1-mediated entry of impermeant sodium channel blockers. Nature, 449(7162), 607–610.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liao, J. C., Beal, D. N., Lauder, G. V., & Triantafyllou, M. S. (2003). Fish exploiting vortices decrease muscle activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1566–1569.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, S., & Liu, Y. (2011). Modeling and Simulation for Microelectronic Packaging Assembly. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Adelsberger, H. H., Kinshuk, Pawlowski, J. M., & Sampson, D. G. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook on Information Technologies for Education and Training (2nd ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baru, C., Bhandarkar, M., Curino, C., Danisch, M., Frank, M., Gowda, B., Jacobsen, H.-A., Jie, H., Kumar, D., Nambiar, R., Poess, M., Raab, F., Rabl, T., Ravi, N., Sachs, K., Sen, S., Yi, L., & Youn, C. (2015). Discussion of BigBench: A Proposed Industry Standard Performance Benchmark for Big Data. In R. Nambiar & M. Poess (Eds.), Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data: 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 44–63). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Sociológica.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 29). Only Three EU Countries On Track To Meet Paris Climate Agreement Targets. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Federal Trust and Other Earmarked Funds: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions (GAO-01-199SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nepal, R. M. (2006). Class II MHC Function in Macrophages and Mice Infected with Mycobacterium [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2015, July 14). Brutal Past and Promising Future Clash in Colombian City. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Korkusinski & Hawrylak, 2014; Peik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korkusinski & Hawrylak, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Binshtok et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liao et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Sociológica
ISSN (print)0186-6028

Other styles