How to format your references using the Acta Médica Colombiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Médica Colombiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lister AM. The role of behaviour in adaptive morphological evolution of African proboscideans. Nature. 2013 Aug 15;500(7462):331–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nogueiras R, Tschöp M. Biomedicine. Separation of conjoined hormones yields appetite rivals. Science. 2005 Nov 11;310(5750):985–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huo C, Ouyang J, Yang H. CuO nanoparticles encapsulated inside Al-MCM-41 mesoporous materials via direct synthetic route. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 14;4:3682.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Patolsky F, Timko BP, Yu G, Fang Y, Greytak AB, Zheng G, et al. Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays. Science. 2006 Aug 25;313(5790):1100–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dal Pont J-P, Azzaro-Pantel C. New Approaches to the Process Industries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Rojas I, Joya G, Catala A, editors. Advances in Computational Intelligence: 13th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2015, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, June 10-12, 2015. Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXV, 620 p. 187 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9095).
A chapter in an edited book
Nishida Y. Osteosarcoma in the Elderly: Clinical Features and Outcome. In: Ueda T, Kawai A, editors. Osteosarcoma. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016. p. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Médica Colombiana.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Planet Nine Could Cause Havoc In The Solar System In The Distant Future [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Arthur Schoenhaut. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jun. Report No.: OP-4-OH.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olsen CM. A violinist in a non-classical world: Sugizo’s use of violin in popular music [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Terror Scare In Moscow. New York Times. 2002 Aug 23;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Médica Colombiana
ISSN (print)0120-2448

Other styles