How to format your references using the Acta Médica Colombiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Médica Colombiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Up for review. Nature. 2004 Jul 29;430(6999):591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quist D, Chapela IH. Transgenic DNA introgressed into traditional maize landraces in Oaxaca, Mexico. Nature. 2001 Nov 29;414(6863):541–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ur JA, Karsgaard P, Oates J. Early urban development in the Near East. Science. 2007 Aug 31;317(5842):1188.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klose RJ, Yamane K, Bae Y, Zhang D, Erdjument-Bromage H, Tempst P, et al. The transcriptional repressor JHDM3A demethylates trimethyl histone H3 lysine 9 and lysine 36. Nature. 2006 Jul 20;442(7100):312–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burnham D, Skilleås OM. The Aesthetics of Wine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Ganesh SG. Oracle Certified Professional Java SE 8 Programmer Exam 1Z0-809: Comprehensive OCPJP 8 Certification Guide. Kiran H, Sharma T, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2016. XXII, 484 p. 40 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Midthun KT, Tomasgard A. Analysis of Natural Gas Value Chains. In: Bjørndal E, Bjørndal M, Pardalos PM, Rönnqvist M, editors. Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 71–82. (Energy Systems).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Médica Colombiana.

Blog post
Davis J. One-Third Of European Children Aged Six To Nine Now Overweight Or Obese [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: New Regulations for Deicing Aircraft Could Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Nov. Report No.: RCED-93-52.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis K. Manifesting archetypal energy through music [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Estonia: Vodka Pipeline. New York Times. 2004 Dec 14;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Médica Colombiana
ISSN (print)0120-2448

Other styles