How to format your references using the Acta Médica Colombiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Médica Colombiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dyson G. Turing centenary: The dawn of computing. Nature. 2012 Feb 22;482(7386):459–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Winter W, Oxnard CE. Evolutionary radiations and convergences in the structural organization of mammalian brains. Nature. 2001 Feb 8;409(6821):710–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peltier WR, Liu Y, Crowley JW. Snowball Earth prevention by dissolved organic carbon remineralization. Nature. 2007 Dec 6;450(7171):813–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Smith SD, Huxman TE, Zitzer SF, Charlet TN, Housman DC, Coleman JS, et al. Elevated CO2 increases productivity and invasive species success in an arid ecosystem. Nature. 2000 Nov 2;408(6808):79–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimitriadis G. Introduction to Nonlinear Aeroelasticity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Meeks S. The Past and Future City: How Historic Preservation Is Reviving America’s Communities. Murphy KC, editor. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2016. XV, 334 p. 2 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagoshi JL, Nagoshi CT, Brzuzy S. Transgender and Trans-Identity Theory. In: Nagoshi CT, Brzuzy S, editors. Gender and Sexual Identity: Transcending Feminist and Queer Theory. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Médica Colombiana.

Blog post
Fang J. How Do You Sex Dinosaurs? Look at Their Tails [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Processing Delays Continue for Growing Backlog of Patent Applications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Sep. Report No.: RCED-90-231.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blalock JM. The Links at St Andrews, Scotland A phenomenological hermeneutic exploration of golf’s primordial place [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Headscarves Banned From ID Photos. New York Times. 2002 Aug 3;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Médica Colombiana
ISSN (print)0120-2448

Other styles