How to format your references using the Acta Médica Colombiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Médica Colombiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ranganathan R. Biochemistry. Signaling across the cell membrane. Science. 2007 Nov 23;318(5854):1253–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheney RE, Rodriguez OC. Cell biology. A switch to release the motor. Science. 2001 Aug 17;293(5533):1263–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vance D, Teagle DAH, Foster GL. Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets. Nature. 2009 Mar 26;458(7237):493–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jia Q, Liu Y, Liu H, Li S. Mmp1 and Mmp2 cooperatively induce Drosophila fat body cell dissociation with distinct roles. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 18;4:7535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang BC. Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Hublin JJ, Harvati K, Harrison T, editors. Neanderthals Revisited: New Approaches and Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. XIV, 332 p. (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology).
A chapter in an edited book
Mills PK, Snyder KM. Building Knowledge Advantage: Internal Market Imperatives. In: Snyder KM, editor. Knowledge Services Management: Organizing Around Internal Markets. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 70–93. (Service Science: Research and Innovations in the Service Economy).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Médica Colombiana.

Blog post
Andrew E. Not Everything Gives You Cancer, But Eating Too Much Processed Meat Certainly Can [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Workers: Employment and Starting Salaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 May. Report No.: HEHS-98-159R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prendergast CA. Nontraditional online students perceptions on student success conditions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Reviving World Cup Hopes Out of Thin Air. New York Times. 2017 Jun 12;D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Médica Colombiana
ISSN (print)0120-2448

Other styles