How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gardner, J. A. (2000). Nature. 408, 143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Naya, Y. & Suzuki, W. A. (2011). Science. 333, 773–776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saether, B.-E., Engen, S. & Matthysen, E. (2002). Science. 295, 2070–2073.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dulub, O., Batzilln, M., Solovev, S., Loginova, E., Alchagirov, A., Madey, T. E. & Diebold, U. (2007). Science. 317, 1052–1056.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
James, L. (2014). Sustainability Footprints in SMEs Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Guo, K. (2015). Multiplication Operators on the Bergman Space Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sule, N., Farooqui, Z., Biswas, J. & John, K. (2014). Environmental Sustainability Issues in the South Texas–Mexico Border Region, Vol. edited by D. Ramirez, J. Ren, K.D. Jones & H. Lamm, pp. 63–78. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Artificial Proteins Could Bring The Next Biological Revolution – Starting With MRI IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faynblut, V. (2016). College access: A case study of Latino charter school students and their K-16 pathways. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., Spencer, H. & Ember, S. (2016). New York Times. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gardner, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gardner, 2000; Naya & Suzuki, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Naya & Suzuki, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Dulub et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
ISSN (online)1744-3091

Other styles