How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bailey, M. E. (2002). Science. 296, 2151–2153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnaoutov, A. & Dasso, M. (2014). Science. 345, 1512–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlov, P., Svendsen, J. I. & Indrelid, S. (2001). Nature. 413, 64–67.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Won, S., Saun, S.-B., Lee, S., Lee, S., Kim, K. & Han, Y. (2013). Sci. Rep. 3, 3189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M. (2008). Beyond Booked Solid Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(2015). Innovation, Finance, and the Economy: Proceedings of the 13th Eurasia Business and Economics Society Conference Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Howard, B. & Yang, T. (2012). Intersections of Hirzebruch–Zagier Divisors and CM Cycles, Vol. edited by T. Yang, pp. 65–84. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Human Sex Pheromones? We’ve Got a Nose for Gender IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Intellectual Property: Comparison of Patent Examination Statistics for Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, C. S. (2017). Electronic Transport of Thin Crystals in Ruthenium Chloride. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). New York Times. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bailey, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bailey, 2002; Arnaoutov & Dasso, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arnaoutov & Dasso, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Won et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications
ISSN (print)0108-2701
ISSN (online)1600-5759

Other styles