How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuntz, M. (2011). Nature. 477, 547–548.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nordborg, M. & Weigel, D. (2008). Nature. 456, 720–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coyte, K. Z., Schluter, J. & Foster, K. R. (2015). Science. 350, 663–666.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barnett, R. N., Cleveland, C. L., Joy, A., Landman, U. & Schuster, G. B. (2001). Science. 294, 567–571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lau, J. Y. F. (2011). An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(2011). Optical-Thermal Response of Laser-Irradiated Tissue Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Zentes, J., Morschett, D. & Schramm-Klein, H. (2012). Strategic Retail Management: Text and International Cases, Vol. edited by D. Morschett & H. Schramm-Klein, pp. 49–69. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Why Do Dogs Like To Smell Butts So Much? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program’s 1997 Award Selection Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gordon, R. L. (2010). Neural and behavioral correlates of song prosody. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). New York Times. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cuntz, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cuntz, 2011; Nordborg & Weigel, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nordborg & Weigel, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Barnett et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
AbbreviationActa Crystallogr. B Struct. Sci. Cryst. Eng. Mater.
ISSN (online)2052-5206
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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