How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Speirs, V. (2012). Nature. 485, S66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Renaud, P. & Leong, P. (2008). Science. 322, 55–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milinski, M., Semmann, D. & Krambeck, H.-J. (2002). Nature. 415, 424–426.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jones, J. T. A., Hasell, T., Wu, X., Bacsa, J., Jelfs, K. E., Schmidtmann, M., Chong, S. Y., Adams, D. J., Trewin, A., Schiffman, F., Cora, F., Slater, B., Steiner, A., Day, G. M. & Cooper, A. I. (2011). Nature. 474, 367–371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, D. A. (2006). Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lerche, I. (2006). Environmental Risk Assessment: Quantitative Measures, Anthropogenic Influences, Human Impact Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahman, H., Barua, S., Ahmed, M. U., Begum, S. & Hök, B. (2016). Internet of Things Technologies for HealthCare: Third International Conference, HealthyIoT 2016, Västerås, Sweden, October 18-19, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Vol. edited by M.U. Ahmed, S. Begum & W. Raad, pp. 22–29. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Would You Eat A 3D Printed Pizza? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). Biotechnology: Analysis of Federally Funded Research Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ehsani, S. (2014). Design of a Teleoperation – Based Robotic Surgical System. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016). New York Times. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Speirs, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Speirs, 2012; Renaud & Leong, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Renaud & Leong, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science
ISSN (print)0108-7681
ISSN (online)1600-5740

Other styles