How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor, G. (2014). Nature. 511, 35–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trakhtenberg, E. F. & Goldberg, J. L. (2011). Science. 334, 47–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, Y.-J., Jiménez-García, K. & Spielman, I. B. (2011). Nature. 471, 83–86.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Volkman, S. K., Barry, A. E., Lyons, E. J., Nielsen, K. M., Thomas, S. M., Choi, M., Thakore, S. S., Day, K. P., Wirth, D. F. & Hartl, D. L. (2001). Science. 293, 482–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, G. M. & Furlong, J. C. (2010). Environmental Biotechnology Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
(2013). Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012 Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Anderson, C. M. (2016). Introduction to Gender Studies in Eastern and Southern Africa: A Reader, Vol. edited by J. Etim, pp. 79–93. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). There Be Dragons? Creatures You Might Find On A Real Journey To The Centre Of The Earth IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gambini, F. (2011). Leadership capacity for succession and sustainability in a family-owned private school. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012). New York Times. BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor, 2014; Trakhtenberg & Goldberg, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trakhtenberg & Goldberg, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Volkman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances
AbbreviationActa Crystallogr. A Found. Adv.
ISSN (online)2053-2733
Structural Biology
Inorganic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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