How to format your references using the Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Čechoslovaca citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Čechoslovaca. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chen J. Smithsonian closure plan under fire. Nature. 2001;410:1011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chopra HD, Wuttig M. Non-Joulian magnetostriction. Nature. 2015;521:340–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kavanagh KD, Evans AR, Jernvall J. Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development. Nature. 2007;449:427–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Badjic JD, Balzani V, Credi A, Silvi S, Stoddart JF. A molecular elevator. Science. 2004;303:1845–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang L, Tan KC. Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Bilimoria KY, Minami CA, Mahvi DM, editors. Comparative Effectiveness in Surgical Oncology: Key Questions and How to Answer Them. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XV, 259 p. 14 illus., 6 illus. in color. (Cancer Treatment and Research; vol. 164).
A chapter in an edited book
Kloss GK, Schreiber A. Provenance Implementation in a Scientific Simulation Environment. In: Moreau L, Foster I, editors. Provenance and Annotation of Data: International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2006, Chicago, IL, USA, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 37–45. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Čechoslovaca.

Blog post
Fang J. Isolated Hunter-Gatherers Living in the Amazon Have The Most Diverse Microbiome Ever Documented In Humans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Improved Budgeting Could Help FAA Better Determine Future Operations and Maintenance Priorities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Aug. Report No.: GAO-13-693.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felsburg DF. The business of evangelism: A phenomenological study of frustration and attrition among Christian evangelists [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A New Owner Makes A Winning Impression. New York Times. 2010;B20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (8,3,5,7).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Čechoslovaca
ISSN (print)0001-5415

Other styles