How to format your references using the Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Curl RF. 2005. Obituary: Richard E. Smalley (1943-2005). Nature. 438(7071):1094.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnqvist G, Rowe L. 2002. Antagonistic coevolution between the sexes in a group of insects. Nature. 415(6873):787–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng Y, Zhang S, Huang X. 2014. A robust TALENs system for highly efficient mammalian genome editing. Sci Rep. 4:3632.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Heit JJ, Apelqvist AA, Gu X, Winslow MM, Neilson JR, Crabtree GR, Kim SK. 2006. Calcineurin/NFAT signalling regulates pancreatic beta-cell growth and function. Nature. 443(7109):345–349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burger M, Graeber B, Schindlmayr G. 2014. Managing Energy Risk. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Christofides PD. 2005. Control of Nonlinear and Hybrid Process Systems: Designs for Uncertainty, Constraints and Time-Delays. El-Farra NH, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagasaki M, Saito A, Doi A, Matsuno H, Miyano S. 2009. Starting Cell Illustrator. In: Saito A, Doi A, Matsuno H, Miyano S, editors. Foundations of Systems Biology: Using Cell Illustrator® and Pathway Databases. London: Springer; p. 25–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science.

Blog post
Davis J. 2017. Earliest Evidence Of Human Impact On Geological Processes Is 11,500 Years Old. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Information Superhighway: An Overview of Technology Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau EL. 2014. Sailing on a Sea of Hope: Exploring the Impact of Federal Consolidation on Individual Identification and Organizational Identity [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. 2006. So Greek, So Good. New York Times.:NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Curl 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Arnqvist and Rowe 2002; Curl 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arnqvist and Rowe 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Heit et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science
AbbreviationActa Agric. Scand. B Soil Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0906-4710
ISSN (online)1651-1913
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

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