How to format your references using the ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edelaar, P. Comment on “Evolutionary Trade-Offs, Pareto Optimality, and the Geometry of Phenotype Space.” Science 2013, 339 (6121), 757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mahowald, M. W.; Schenck, C. H. Insights from Studying Human Sleep Disorders. Nature 2005, 437 (7063), 1279–1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohde, T.; Yaginuma, T.; Niimi, T. Insect Morphological Diversification through the Modification of Wing Serial Homologs. Science 2013, 340 (6131), 495–498.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fernández-Pacheco, A.; Serrano-Ramón, L.; Michalik, J. M.; Ibarra, M. R.; De Teresa, J. M.; O’Brien, L.; Petit, D.; Lee, J.; Cowburn, R. P. Three Dimensional Magnetic Nanowires Grown by Focused Electron-Beam Induced Deposition. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen, J.-M.; Vila Real, P. Fire Design of Steel Structures; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science; Pȃrvu, I., Sandu, G., Toader, I. D., Eds.; Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 313.
A chapter in an edited book
Otero, C.; Valentini, P. Decision Support System in Product Engineering. In Research in Interactive Design (Vol. 4): Mechanics, Design Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing; Fischer, X., Daidie, A., Eynard, B., Paredes, M., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. “Moore’s Law” For Carbon Emissions Could Mean The End Of Climate Change (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions; GAO-10-200; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, M. C. Manuel Ponce’s “Estrellita” (Arranged by Jascha Heifetz): A Historical and Performance Practice Guide for the Violinist. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davidson, A. God Save the British Economy. New York Times. December 19, 2012, p MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
AbbreviationACS Sustain. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (online)2168-0485

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