How to format your references using the ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. Innovation Strategy. Nature 2009, 461 (7264), 585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benilova, I.; De Strooper, B. Neuroscience. Promiscuous Alzheimer’s Amyloid: Yet Another Partner. Science 2013, 341 (6152), 1354–1355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, Z.; Kotov, N. A.; Giersig, M. Spontaneous Organization of Single CdTe Nanoparticles into Luminescent Nanowires. Science 2002, 297 (5579), 237–240.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Whitham, T. G.; Difazio, S. P.; Schweitzer, J. A.; Shuster, S. M.; Allan, G. J.; Bailey, J. K.; Woolbright, S. A. Extending Genomics to Natural Communities and Ecosystems. Science 2008, 320 (5875), 492–495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski, E. G. Hydromechanics; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
Advanced Biosignal Processing; Naït-Ali, A., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Croxatto, J. O. Mechanisms of Tumor Metastasis in the Orbit. In Orbital Tumors: Diagnosis and Treatment; Karcioglu, Z. A., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2015; pp 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. Can You Get a Food Allergy From a Blood Transfusion? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Impact of Airline Crew Scheduling on Delays and Cancellations of Commercial Flights; GAO-08-1041R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Litt, D. Social Networking Sites and Adolescent Alcohol Use: The Role of Social Images, Social Norms, and Social Comparison. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. Tiny School Outgains the Ivies. Here’s How. New York Times. February 9, 2017, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
AbbreviationACS Biomater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2373-9878

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