How to format your references using the ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liedl, T. Nanotechnology: Pathfinder for DNA Constructs. Nature 2015, 523 (7561), 412–413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, L.; Clevers, H. Coexistence of Quiescent and Active Adult Stem Cells in Mammals. Science 2010, 327 (5965), 542–545.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sheffield, J.; Wood, E. F.; Roderick, M. L. Little Change in Global Drought over the Past 60 Years. Nature 2012, 491 (7424), 435–438.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Miyazaki, M.; Takahashi, H.; Rolf, M.; Okada, H.; Omori, T. The Image-Scratch Paradigm: A New Paradigm for Evaluating Infants’ Motivated Gaze Control. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamperti, J. W. Probability: A Survey of the Mathematical Theory; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 1996.
An edited book
Sirdeshmukh, D. B. Micro- and Macro-Properties of Solids: Thermal, Mechanical and Dielectric Properties; Sirdeshmukh, L., Subhadra, K. G., Eds.; Materials science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 80.
A chapter in an edited book
Poston, D. L.; Zhang, L. China’s Unbalanced Sex Ratio at Birth: How Many Surplus Boys Have Been Born in China Since the 1980s? In Gender Policy and HIV in China: Catalyzing Policy Change; Poston, D. L., Tucker, J., Ren, Q., Gu, B., Zheng, X., Wang, S., Russell, C., Eds.; Land, K. C., Series Ed.; The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009; pp 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. There Probably Won’t Be A “Mini Ice Age” In 15 Years (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: Analysis of Discretionary Spending for Fiscal Years 1996-98; RCED-99-160R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfenden, A. Factors Predicting Oncology Care Providers’ Behavioral Intention to Adopt Clinical Decision Support Systems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M. Zen Phil Exits The Garden. The Knicks Will Endure. New York Times. June 28, 2017, p B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
AbbreviationACS Biomater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2373-9878

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