How to format your references using the ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peters, S. E. Environmental Determinants of Extinction Selectivity in the Fossil Record. Nature 2008, 454 (7204), 626–629.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives, A. R.; Whitlock, M. C. Ecology. Inbreeding and Metapopulations. Science 2002, 295 (5554), 454–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Helbing, D.; Farkas, I.; Vicsek, T. Simulating Dynamical Features of Escape Panic. Nature 2000, 407 (6803), 487–490.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Siegert, M. J.; Welch, B.; Morse, D.; Vieli, A.; Blankenship, D. D.; Joughin, I.; King, E. C.; Vieli, G. J.-M. C. L.; Payne, A. J.; Jacobel, R. Ice Flow Direction Change in Interior West Antarctica. Science 2004, 305 (5692), 1948–1951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, M. Everyday Moral Economies; John Wiley & Sons: Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
Challenges in Ad Hoc Networking: Fourth Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop, June 21–24, 2005, Île de Porquerolles, France; Agha, K. A., Guérin Lassous, I., Pujolle, G., Eds.; IFIP International Federation for Information Processing; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006; Vol. 197.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, T.-J.; Yuan, S.; Ju, J.; Zeng, H.; Li, R.; Xu, Z.; Chin, S. L. Lasing Actions Inside a Femtosecond Laser Filament in Air. In Laser Filamentation: Mathematical Methods and Models; Bandrauk, A. D., Lorin, E., Moloney, J. V., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 121–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Astronomers Just Observed “Rain” Falling On A Supermassive Black Hole (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Guidance Needed If Halfway Houses Are To Be a Viable Alternative to Prison; GGD-75-70; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bortle, C. D. The Role of Mnemonic Acronyms in Clinical Emergency Medicine: A Grounded Theory Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. Is It a Fight Over Fast Food Or the People Who Eat It? New York Times. March 3, 2002, p 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
AbbreviationACS Biomater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2373-9878

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