How to format your references using the ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krause, R. M. Obituary: Maclyn McCarty (1911-2005). Nature 2005, 433 (7024), 372.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, C. A.; Bushman, B. J. Psychology. The Effects of Media Violence on Society. Science 2002, 295 (5564), 2377–2379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, B. K.; Siprashvili, Z.; Khavari, P. A. Advances in Skin Grafting and Treatment of Cutaneous Wounds. Science 2014, 346 (6212), 941–945.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, Z.; Appenzeller, J.; Lin, Y.-M.; Sippel-Oakley, J.; Rinzler, A. G.; Tang, J.; Wind, S. J.; Solomon, P. M.; Avouris, P. An Integrated Logic Circuit Assembled on a Single Carbon Nanotube. Science 2006, 311 (5768), 1735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitajima, M. Memory and Action Selection in Human-Machine Interaction; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Mathematical Physiology: II: Systems Physiology; Keener, J., Sneyd, J., Eds.; Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics; Springer: New York, NY, 2009; Vol. 8/2.
A chapter in an edited book
McCartney, L. N. Analytical Methods of Predicting Performance of Composite Materials. In Failure and Damage Analysis of Advanced Materials; Altenbach, H., Sadowski, T., Eds.; CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences; Springer: Vienna, 2015; pp 191–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Show Us Your Smarts: A Very Brief History Of Intelligence Testing (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Month In Review, April 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications; OPA-99-7; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malkus, N. Beneath the District Averages: Intradistrict Differences in Teacher Compensation Expenditures. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. M.L.S. Takes the Next Step, but Its Fans Are One Ahead. New York Times. March 25, 2015, p B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
AbbreviationACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1944-8244
ISSN (online)1944-8252
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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