How to format your references using the ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gutmann, A. Ethics. The Bioethics Commission on Incidental Findings. Science 2013, 342 (6164), 1321–1323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Byrne, S.; Ingersoll, A. P. A Sublimation Model for Martian South Polar Ice Features. Science 2003, 299 (5609), 1051–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, L.; Teruya-Feldstein, J.; Weinberg, R. A. Tumour Invasion and Metastasis Initiated by MicroRNA-10b in Breast Cancer. Nature 2007, 449 (7163), 682–688.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Takesue, H.; Matsuda, N.; Kuramochi, E.; Notomi, M. Entangled Photons from On-Chip Slow Light. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Neurotropic Viral Infections: Volume 2: Neurotropic Retroviruses, DNA Viruses, Immunity and Transmission, 2nd ed. 2016.; Reiss, C. S., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Angelini, P.; Da Lozzo, G.; Di Battista, G.; Frati, F. Strip Planarity Testing. In Graph Drawing: 21st International Symposium, GD 2013, Bordeaux, France, September 23-25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers; Wismath, S., Wolff, A., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Sudan, M., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Vardi, M. Y., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2013; pp 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Blog post
Fang, J. Monogamous Penguins Are Apart More Often Than They’re Together (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Office of Education’s Efforts To Recover Overpayments from Denver Indian Center; B-164031(1).68; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LeBlanc, D. C. The Relationship between Information Technology Project Manager Personality Type and Project Success. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. Friday File: A Look at the Golden Age for Oscar-Nominated Newspaper Movies. New York Times. March 4, 2016, p C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
AbbreviationACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1944-8244
ISSN (online)1944-8252
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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