How to format your references using the ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hapgood, M. Astrophysics: Prepare for the Coming Space Weather Storm. Nature 2012, 484 (7394), 311–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trimble, S. W.; Crosson, P. LAND USE: U.S. Soil Erosion Rates--Myth and Reality. Science 2000, 289 (5477), 248–250.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zanardi, I.; Zifarelli, G.; Pusch, M. An Optical Assay of the Transport Activity of ClC-7. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1231.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hay, S. I.; Cox, J.; Rogers, D. J.; Randolph, S. E.; Stern, D. I.; Shanks, G. D.; Myers, M. F.; Snow, R. W. Climate Change and the Resurgence of Malaria in the East African Highlands. Nature 2002, 415 (6874), 905–909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinot, V. Wave Propagation in Fluids; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Weissenbacher, E. R. Immunology of the Female Genital Tract; Wirth, M., Mylonas, I., Geburtshilfe, K. F., Ledger, W. J., Witkin, S. S., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Tan, R. T. K. C.; Cheok, A. D.; Peiris, R. L.; Wijesena, I. J. P.; Tan, D. B. S.; Raveendran, K.; Nguyen, K. D. T.; Sen, Y. P.; Yio, E. Z. Computer Game for Small Pets and Humans. In Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2007: 6th International Conference, Shanghai, China, September 15-17, 2007. Proceedings; Ma, L., Rauterberg, M., Nakatsu, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp 28–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Direct Brain-To-Brain Communication Used in Humans (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Seclusions and Restraints: Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers; GAO-09-719T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez, J. A. Principal Stress Analysis of Rock Fracture Data from the Long Beach Oil Field, Los Angeles Basin, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McMORROW, R.; Forsythe, M. Chinese Tech Tycoon to Leave Troubled Company. New York Times. July 6, 2017, p B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
AbbreviationACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1944-8244
ISSN (online)1944-8252
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

Other styles