How to format your references using the ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. Medicine: Eyes on the Target. Nature 2015, 527 (7578), S110-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badcock, C.; Crespi, B. Battle of the Sexes May Set the Brain. Nature 2008, 454 (7208), 1054–1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, L.; Dalal, C. K.; Elowitz, M. B. Frequency-Modulated Nuclear Localization Bursts Coordinate Gene Regulation. Nature 2008, 455 (7212), 485–490.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Smakowska-Luzan, E.; Mott, G. A.; Parys, K.; Stegmann, M.; Howton, T. C.; Layeghifard, M.; Neuhold, J.; Lehner, A.; Kong, J.; Grünwald, K.; et al. Publisher Correction: An Extracellular Network of Arabidopsis Leucine-Rich Repeat Receptor Kinases. Nature 2018, 561 (7722), E8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fischer, D. J.; Treister, N. S.; Pinto, A. Risk Assessment and Oral Diagnostics in Clinical Dentistry; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: West Sussex, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 13th International Conference, LPAR 2006, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, November 13-17, 2006. Proceedings; Hermann, M., Voronkov, A., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 4246.
A chapter in an edited book
Arndt, N.; Ganino, C. Deposits Formed by Sedimentary and Surficial Processes. In Metals and Society: An Introduction to Economic Geology; Ganino, C., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp 113–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Blog post
Luntz, S. The Five Most Insane Conspiracy Theories About Mars (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Resource Management Internal Control Issues; GAO-05-288R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walsh, E. F. The Development of Comprehensive Criminal Justice Leadership Standards: A Modified Delphi Study Approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. Ground Zero, Deluged. New York Times. September 9, 2016, p MB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
AbbreviationACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1944-8244
ISSN (online)1944-8252
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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