How to format your references using the Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spitzer NC. DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROSCIENCE. Neurotransmitter-tailored dendritic trees. Science 2015;350:510–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mulargia F, Bizzarri A. Anthropogenic triggering of large earthquakes. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liang PS, Park TS, Yoon JY. Rapid and reagentless detection of microbial contamination within meat utilizing a smartphone-based biosensor. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5953.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Damanik FFR, Rothuizen TC, van Blitterswijk C, Rotmans JI, Moroni L. Towards an in vitro model mimicking the foreign body response: tailoring the surface properties of biomaterials to modulate extracellular matrix. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dao TT, Ho Ba Tho MC. Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Tan KY, editor. Colorectal Cancer in the Elderly. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang S, Lv F. Drug Screening Applications of Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes. In: Lv F, editor. Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes: Design and Biomedical Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. page 65–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie.

Blog post
Hale T. The Voyager Golden Record Is Being Re-Issued. IFLScience2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Imaging System’s Performance Improving but Still Falls Short of Expectations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Gilder BJ. American students’ communication abroad: Factors promoting and inhibiting interactions with host nationals. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. Snap Stretches the Limits of Valuation. New York Times2017;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleČeská a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie
ISSN (print)1210-7859
ISSN (online)1802-4041
ScopeClinical Neurology

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